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U.S. Army tailor made, short waisted officer's jacket worn by a Signal Corps photographer for the war crimes trials

Object | Accession Number: 2013.458.5

Modified officer's olive drab uniform jacket with civilian lapel patches worn by Ray D'Addario, a US Army Signal Corps and then contract photographer at the postwar trials of war criminals held by the International Military Tribunal (IMT) in Germany. The jacket was specially tailored for Ray and the short waist and action pleats provided greater mobility and ease of movement when the arms were extended to photograph. The previous standard hip-length officer's jacket was not suitable for combat. In 1943, a shorter jacket, known as the Eisenhower jacket, was issued. Many soldiers had their jackets modified because of supply delays. It is not known whether Ray's jacket is a modified standard issue or was all handmade for him. Ray was assigned to photograph and film the defendants, prosecutors, and other attendees during the courtroom proceedings. The best known trial, Major German War Criminals, was held in Nuremberg. The 24 defendants were charged with crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit those crimes. The verdicts were delivered on October 1, 1946. Soon after, Ray was discharged from the military. He then was hired as a civilian contractor by Telford Taylor, the newly appointed American chief war crimes prosecutor, as chief photographer for twelve subsequent trials held by the US. Ray returned to the US after these trials concluded in April 1949.

Date
approximately 1945 September-1949  (use)
Geography
use : International Military Tribunal; Nuremberg (Germany)
Language
English
Classification
Dress Accessories
Category
Neckwear
Object Type
Neckties (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Max Lewkowicz
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:24:58
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn85524