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Wooden hanger from prewar Vienna

Object | Accession Number: 2013.463.2

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    Wooden hanger from prewar Vienna
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Wooden coat hanger from Moderne Bekleidung, Hermann Blauner’s clothing store in Vienna, Austria. Hermann’s wife Klara had a cousin, Frieda Jankner, who visited the family in 1933 and took the hanger back to the United States. Nazi Germany annexed Austria in March 1938. Hermann was arrested during Kristallnacht on November 10, 1938. He was sent to Dachau concentration camp, where he died in fall 1939. Hermann and Klara’s son Kurt was deported to Maly Trostenets killing site in September 1942. Klara is presumed to have perished.
    Date
    manufacture:  approximately 1933
    Geography
    manufacture: Vienna (Austria)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Larry and Nancy Jankner, Muriel and David Benjamin, and Karen and Robert Falk
    Markings
    front, etched, black ink : Moderne Bekleidung / Hermann Blauner, Wien VII,, Kaiserstrass 51-53 / Tel. B 39-1-95 L [Modern Clothes]
    Contributor
    Subject: Hermann Blauner
    Biography
    Hermann Blauner was born on March 11, 1887, in Vienna, Austria. He married Chaje (Klara) Brayne Diwer, who was born on September 11, 1891, in Tarnopol, Russia (now Ternopil, Ukraine). Klara’s mother, Yetti Exelfirt Diwer, was born on January 12, 1866, also in Tarnopol. Hermann and Klara had a son, Kurt, on November 14, 1921. The family lived in Vienna and owned a clothing store, Moderne Bekleidung (Modern Clothing). In 1933, Klara’s maternal cousin Frieda Jankner, who had emigrated to the United States in 1913, visited the family in Vienna.

    Germany annexed Austria on March 13, 1938. Anti-Jewish policies were enacted that stripped Austrian Jews of their rights. Hermann and Klara lost their business and home. On November 10, 1938, during the Kristallnacht pogrom, Hermann was arrested. He was sent to Dachau concentration camp and assigned prisoner number 26136. On November 15, Klara wrote to her cousin Frieda and begged her to send affidavits for her, Hermann, Kurt, and her mother Yetti. Affidavits were pledges of financial support required to apply for a US visa. She said that if Frieda could not afford to help all of them, she should at least help Hermann and Kurt. Frieda’s brother Meyer wrote to Frieda in July 1939, urging her to help because Hermann was very sick and could not survive in Dachau much longer. Frieda was not able to send the family papers. Hermann died in Dachau in fall 1939. On September 14, 1942, Hermann’s son Kurt was deported to Maly Trostenets killing site near Minsk and murdered. Klara’s fate is unknown but she is presumed to have perished. Her last letters are from late summer 1939, before Germany invaded Poland, initiating World War II.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Object Type
    Coat hangers (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Brown, turned, varnished wooden hanger with a thick arched upper bar and a cylindrical lower bar screwed to rounded corner grooves. A silver colored metal rod with a C shaped hook is inserted through the top center. The store information is etched on the top bar.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 8.500 inches (21.59 cm) | Width: 17.875 inches (45.403 cm) | Depth: 0.500 inches (1.27 cm)
    Materials
    overall : wood, metal, varnish stain, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The hanger was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by Larry and Nancy Jankner, the son and daughter-in-law of Frieda Jankner, and Muriel and David Benjamin and Karen and Robert Falk, the nieces and nephews-in-law of Frieda Jankner.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-09-27 17:25:22
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn85750

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