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Oral history interview with Daruše Burdová

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.439.31 | RG Number: RG-50.675.0031

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Daruše Burdová, born December 31, 1923 in Brno, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), describes the good relations between Czechs, Germans, and Jews in Brno before the war; living in a house with Czechs, Germans, and Jews after 1930; the numerous Jewish shop and factory owners in Brno; shopping at various Jewish shops in town with her mother; attending a Jewish-German language school; her Jewish classmates (Zuzana Kaufmann, Editha Beck, Silva Jeralová, and Editha Linke); the pro-Nazi political activities of Karl Schwabe from Brno-Modřice; the German occupation; the radicalization of Germans after March 1939; Jews having to wear yellow stars on their clothes; the barring of Jews from the theater, shops, and businesses; the relocation of Jews to apartments and houses that were later in the local concentration camp “Klajdovka”; their neighbors (the Klein family) being forced to leave their apartment; the chief of police in Brno, Karl Schwabe, who moved into the Klein’s home soon after; seeing Jews doing forced labor in Brno; seeing her classmate, Silva Jeralová, with a shaved head and being warned by her not to come any closer otherwise she would be arrested; the deportation of Jews to Terezín (Theresienstadt concentration camp); their Nazi neighbors (the Adamec family); having to learn the song “Horst-Wessel-Lied” in school; the strong pro-Nazi feelings among some Czechs, especially among the Zbrojovka factory workers in Brno-Židenice district; the Germans who opposed Nazi ideology, such as her neighbor, Kristl Wienzek; the Nazis torturing and executing their opponents in the Kounicovy koleje; visiting the Kounicovy koleje with her friend Kamila Nesvedová, whose father was imprisoned and later executed there; seeing six people hanging on gallows in the park around Kaunicovy koleje; visiting her grandfather in Podivín, Czech Republic on holidays; and the Jewish community in Podivín.

Interviewee
Daruše Burdova'
Interviewer
Adam Hradilek
Date
2014 July 03  (interview)
Language
Czech
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:29
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87814