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Oral history interview with Sergey Panus

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.445.24 | RG Number: RG-50.653.0024

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Sergey Panus, born in 1928 in Surazh, Russia, describes his childhood; the Jewish community in Surazh; the Jewish-owned businesses, including the mill, two sausage factories, and a cheese factory; his grandmother working as a cook for a wealthy Jewish family; learning German from a private tutor; his sister, Yekaterina, and her friendship with the Jewish Yuzovich family; Yekaterina attending a special NKVD school to improve her German and learn military vocabulary, Morse code, and encryption; the evacuation of Jews from Surazh to Klintsy at the beginning of the war; the German occupation beginning August 17, 1941 when he was 14 years old, his older sister was 17, and his younger sister was 12; his father being recruited to the army; Jews having to wear yellow fabric signs on their clothing; being told by his sister that he was going to work as a messenger for the partisans; his sister’s work with the partisans; being supervised by Kostyanoy Grigoriy Mikhailovich from Oryol, Russia; his mother’s recruitment into the partisans; his younger sister working as a hospital nurse; the relocation of Jews into a ghetto; a man (Lukyanets Nikolay Nikolayevich) who was sent by partisans to work in the police undercover; the lack of food in the ghetto; healthy Jews being taken to a German hospital to donate blood; being detained by the Gestapo for a week and severely beaten for possessing a anti-Nazi leaflet; the looting of Jewish belongings by the poor; the execution of Jews (approximately 500 people, including 260 local Jews and Jews from Belarus) on March 27, 1942; details on the massacre and taking pictures of the column of people; seeing the execution site on the fourth day; some Jews hiding in the village; witnessing the execution of a man for breaking curfew; policemen moving into Jewish houses; the demographics of the police; 37 policemen being put to trial in early 1944; his sister Katya being awarded the Red Star; and being awarded a Distinguished Service Medal.

Interviewee
Sergey Panus
Date
2014 July 13  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:44
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87820