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Oral history interview with Margarita Bavkunova

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.445.29 | RG Number: RG-50.653.0029

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Margarita Bavkunova, born in 1932 in Starodub, Russia, discusses the numerous Jewish families living in Starodub before the war; their Jewish neighbors, the Mankovskiy family; the beginning of the war and her father being recruited to the army; hiding from the bombings in a dugout in their yard; the arrival of the Germans and the taking of the locals’ food; the occupation of the Mankovskiys’ house by the SS; being bitten by one of the SS dogs; watching as Jews were taken to an execution site near the river; the imprisonment of Jews and communists in a shed for five days before they were all shot in Belovshchina (now part of Starodub); seeing the burial pit the following day; hearing later that the victims of the execution dug the pit before being shot; how after the execution people from her street hid a Jewish boy (Yasha), passing him from house to house; the betrayal of hidden Jews; life during the occupation; her mother hiding a cow in the forest; how when the Germans were withdrawing, they used locals as a shield from Soviet air attacks; being forced with her mother and sister to walk for three days; and the destruction of their home.

Interviewee
Margarita Bavkunova
Date
2014 July 14  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:01
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87825