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Oral history interview with Yevgeniya Yershova

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.445.37 | RG Number: RG-50.653.0037

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Yevgeniya Yershova, born in 1931, in Usvyaty (Usviat'), Usvyatsky District, Russia, describes her life before the war; the relatively large Jewish population in her town; her father’s Jewish friends; how the Jewish children tended not to play with Gentile children; the beginning of the war and how the Jews remained in their homes; the relocation of the Jews into a ghetto; Jews having to wear yellow markers; hearing about the round up the Jewish residents by the Germans; the shooting of Jews who tried to escape the ghetto; how her father was told to bury all of the Jews that had been executed within the ghetto; being told by her father that not everyone who was buried was dead; the indiscriminate shooting of people; how her father knew many of the victims; never going to see the murder site; how the Russians returned to their homes, which were taken for the ghetto, after the mass murder of the Jewish residents; seeing a Jewish man hanging near her sister’s house; how there was no real violence towards the local Gentile population; and the return of some Jews to Usvyaty.

Interviewee
Yevgeniya Yershova
Date
2014 July 19  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:49:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn87834