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Signed testimony of Hartmut Teuber

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2005.394.53 | RG Number: RG-50.834.0052

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    Signed testimony of Hartmut Teuber


    Interview Summary
    Harmut Teuber describes the experiences of the Deaf community in Germany during WWII; the experiences of Dr. Eugene Bergmann, a professor at Gallaudet who was in the Warsaw Ghetto; the close connection of people in the Deaf world; Horst Biesold, a teacher for the Deaf; the sterilization of Deaf people in Nazi Germany; how some Deaf people cooperated with Nazi racial hygiene policies while others escaped them; how Deaf people were not institutionalized in contrast to the mentally disabled; stories about the last days of the war about Deaf men who were fighting on the home front; the death of 300 Deaf men who were killed upon the arrival of the Russians; how the home guard fighters including the Deaf were inexperienced and undertrained; how many Deaf men felt discriminated against because they were not allowed in army; his philosophy that Deafness is normal and world needs Deaf culture to be complete; how many Deaf people were used in industries and only had problems when they wished or marry or have children; the town of Broumov, Czechoslovakia where he was born in 1940; how his father and others living in the Sudetenland dodged service in the army by being farmers; his school for the Deaf run by Catholic nuns; how the school was able to maintain independence because it was run by Catholic Church; how Hitler’s photo was not displayed in the classroom but instead in some dimly lit hallway, which was a small form of resistance; how when a Deaf couple would go to a Nazi party representative/Justice of the peace to get married, the Party representative would try to get the couple’s relatives to convince them to be sterilized, but officials had a hard time communicating with Deaf community; how officials would go to the Nuns for communication, but the Nuns would intervene with the sterilization through interference; how Hitler disbanded all independent organizations, but Deaf clubs and organizations were allowed to exist more or less independently; and his culture shock at coming to United States to study at Gallaudet and seeing a type of “hurrah” nationalism while post war Europe was more about unity and World perspective.
    Hartmut Teuber
    interview:  1987 June 02
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ina R. Friedman

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette : analog.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Donor retains copyright. Third party use requests must be submitted to the donor.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Teuber, Hartmut.
    Corporate Name
    Catholic Church

    Administrative Notes

    Ina R. Friedman donated her oral history interviews to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum on Aug. 8, 2005. Ms. Friedman is the author of "Escape or Die," "Flying Against the Wind," and "Other Victims," which explore the experiences of Jewish and non-Jewish survivors of the Holocaust.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:33:21
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