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Oral history interview with Hartmut Teuber

Oral History | Accession Number: 2005.394.53 | RG Number: RG-50.834.0052

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Harmut Teuber describes the experiences of the Deaf community in Germany during WWII; the experiences of Dr. Eugene Bergmann, a professor at Gallaudet who was in the Warsaw Ghetto; the close connection of people in the Deaf world; Horst Biesold, a teacher for the Deaf; the sterilization of Deaf people in Nazi Germany; how some Deaf people cooperated with Nazi racial hygiene policies while others escaped them; how Deaf people were not institutionalized in contrast to the mentally disabled; stories about the last days of the war about Deaf men who were fighting on the home front; the death of 300 Deaf men who were killed upon the arrival of the Russians; how the home guard fighters including the Deaf were inexperienced and undertrained; how many Deaf men felt discriminated against because they were not allowed in army; his philosophy that Deafness is normal and world needs Deaf culture to be complete; how many Deaf people were used in industries and only had problems when they wished or marry or have children; the town of Broumov, Czechoslovakia where he was born in 1940; how his father and others living in the Sudetenland dodged service in the army by being farmers; his school for the Deaf run by Catholic nuns; how the school was able to maintain independence because it was run by Catholic Church; how Hitler’s photo was not displayed in the classroom but instead in some dimly lit hallway, which was a small form of resistance; how when a Deaf couple would go to a Nazi party representative/Justice of the peace to get married, the Party representative would try to get the couple’s relatives to convince them to be sterilized, but officials had a hard time communicating with Deaf community; how officials would go to the Nuns for communication, but the Nuns would intervene with the sterilization through interference; how Hitler disbanded all independent organizations, but Deaf clubs and organizations were allowed to exist more or less independently; and his culture shock at coming to United States to study at Gallaudet and seeing a type of “hurrah” nationalism while post war Europe was more about unity and World perspective.

Interviewee
Hartmut Teuber
Date
1987 June 02  (interview)
Extent
1 sound cassette : analog.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ina R. Friedman
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Record last modified: 2018-04-18 12:25:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn90060