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Łódź ghetto scrip, 2 mark note, acquired by a Polish Jewish survivor

Object | Accession Number: 1989.207.8

Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 2 mark note, acquired by Benjamin Miedzyrzecki, who lived in Łódź, Poland, circa February-May 1945, after leaving Warsaw following the liberation of both cities in early 1945. Scrip was issued by the Jewish Council as payment for work or as subsidy in the German-controlled ghetto from May 15, 1940 until the ghetto was liquidated in spring 1944. Benjamin, his parents Israel and Rivka, and siblings Stela, Mordecai, and Genia lived in Warsaw during the German occupation which began in September 1939. Benjamin escaped to eastern Poland, then returned in December and joined the resistance. They were forced into the Jewish ghetto in October 1940, and Benjamin was a forced laborer, working outside the ghetto cleaning destroyed buildings. He smuggled people in and out of the ghetto for the resistance. In July 1942, the Germans began mass deportations of Jews to Treblinka killing center. Israel was arrested and bribed a policeman to release him. Stela and her husband Yitzhak Blachowicz were sent to Treblinka. In fall 1942, Benjamin meet Feigele (Vladka) Peltel, a courier for the underground, when he smuggled her out of the ghetto. They went into hiding on the Aryan side of Warsaw. He persuaded his family to join him. In summer 1943, Mordecai was killed by the Germans. The ghetto was liquidated that summer after the failed Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. In August 1944, Soviet troops reached the Vistula River near Warsaw and the Polish Home Army rebelled against the German occupation. Israel, Rivka, and Genia were separated from Benjamin. The Uprising was crushed and the city destroyed by the Germans in October 1944. Benjamin was reunited with his family after Warsaw was liberated on January 16, 1945.They lived in Warsaw, where Israel insisted that Benjamin marry Feigele. The family went to Łódź and, after the war ended in early May 1945, left for Munich, Germany. In May 1946, Benjamin and Feigele sailed for America. Genia emigrated to Palestine in 1946 and Israel and Rivka joined her in 1947.

issue:  1940 May 15
found:  approximately 1945 February
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Benjamin Meed
Record last modified: 2023-09-15 10:15:29
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