Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Concentration camp uniform jacket with purple triangle worn by Jehovah’s Witness

Object | Accession Number: 1989.271.1

Concentration camp uniform jacket issued to Max Hollweg, a Jehovah’s Witness imprisoned in Buchenwald and Wewelsburg concentration camps from 1938 to 1945. It has a purple patch marking him as a Jehovah’s Witness above a white patch with his prisoner number from Wewelsburg, 13573. The Nazi regime persecuted Jehovah’s Witnesses, who refused to put any authority before God. On July 7, 1938, Max was arrested for illegally distributing Jehovah’s Witness materials. He was sent to Buchenwald September 23, put in a punishment commando, and severely beaten multiple times. He had intestinal surgery without anesthesia and the wound later reopened during hard labor. On May 25, 1940, he was transferred to Wewelsburg labor camp, where he worked construction. In April 1943, the labor camp was closed; only a work detail of 40 prisoners, including Max, remained. After a fire, the prisoners stole a typewriter and secretly published Jehovah’s Witness materials. On April 2, 1945, Max was liberated by American forces.

Date
1938 September-1945 April  (use)
Geography
use : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
use : Wewelsburg (Concentration camp); Wewelsburg (Germany)
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Object Type
Jackets (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Max Hollweg
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:41
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn975