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Buchenwald Standort-Kantine concentration camp scrip, 1 Reichsmark, acquired by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 1995.54.1

1 Reichsmark coupon issued at Buchenwald concentration camp acquired by Rudolph Cohen when he served in the US Army from 1943-1946. Buchenwald opened on July 19, 1937, and issued undated notes in 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 mark denominations. The simply designed notes were printed on coarse paper. There were two types of coupons: canteen scrip and exchange scrip issued to members of outside labor brigades [Aussenkommandos.] In early April 1945, as US forces approached Buchenwald concentration camp, the German guards began to evacuate the camp. On April 11, the prisoners revolted and seized control of the camp. Later that day, soldiers from the Sixth Army Armored Division, part of the Third Army, arrived in camp and discovered more than 21,000 starved and ill inmates.

issue:  approximately 1942
received:  approximately 1945
issue: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rudolph Cohen
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:22:47
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