Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Three survivors pose outside a barracks in the Dachau concentration camp immediately after the liberation.

Photograph | Photograph Number: 82545

Three survivors pose outside a barracks in the Dachau concentration camp immediately after the liberation.

The original Signal Corps caption reads, "DACHAU CONCENTRATION CAMP. Horrors worse than those found in the German concentration camps of Buchenwald and Belsen were discovered in the stinking hell-hole of Dachau, captured by troops of the 42nd and 45th Infantry Divivions of the Seventh U.S. Army April 30, 1945. More than 32,000 prisoners were liberated, among those some Englishmen, Canadians and Americans. The camp was formally surrendered by an SS lieutenant carrying a white flag, accompanied by a Swiss Red Cross official, but SS troops opened fire as American troops approached the main entrance. The Germans were shot down. Three prisoners were electrocuted when they tried to burst through the electrified wire barrier to welcome the Americans. SS guards opened fire on other prisoners who went wild with joy and rushed to meet the liberating troops.

Prisoners with access to records said 9,000 people died of hunger, disease or shooting within the past three months at Dachau. Four thousand more perished during cold Winter months. When Americans entered the camp, they found 50 open railway cars standing on a siding, apparently full of oiled, dirty clothing but actually found to contain hundreds of corpses piled on top of each other. They also found a row of kennels where fierce doges were kept to set after escaping men. They discovered gas extermination chambers, incinerators full of naked bodies, bodies marked for dissection and the bodies of several small children.

BIPPA EA 64858

THIS PHOTO SHOWS: Gaunt, starved and half-dead, these three prisoners, two in striped prison garb, are evidence of the horrors of Dachau. U.S. Signal Corps Photo ETO-HQ-45-35581.
SERVICED BY LONDON OWI TO LIST B
CERTIFIED AS PASSED BY SHAEF CENSOR"

Photographer
Sidney Blau
Date
1945 April 30
Photo Credit
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Benjamin Ferencz
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2012-11-08 00:00:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/pa1034704