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Fritz Kirchheimer, a former Buchenwald concentration camp inmate and assistant to defendant Dr. Joachim Mrugowsky, testifies as a witness for the prosecution at a session of the Medical Case (Doctors') Trial in Nuremberg.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 07342

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    Fritz Kirchheimer, a former Buchenwald concentration camp inmate and assistant to defendant Dr. Joachim Mrugowsky, testifies as a witness for the prosecution at a session of the Medical Case (Doctors') Trial in Nuremberg.
    Fritz Kirchheimer, a former Buchenwald concentration camp inmate and assistant to defendant Dr. Joachim Mrugowsky, testifies as a witness for the prosecution at a session of the Medical Case (Doctors') Trial in Nuremberg.

    Overview

    Caption
    Fritz Kirchheimer, a former Buchenwald concentration camp inmate and assistant to defendant Dr. Joachim Mrugowsky, testifies as a witness for the prosecution at a session of the Medical Case (Doctors') Trial in Nuremberg.
    Date
    1947 January 08 - 1947 January 09
    Locale
    Nuremberg, [Bavaria] Germany
    Variant Locale
    Nurnberg
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Hedwig Wachenheimer Epstein
    Event History
    On October 25, 1946, the U.S. Military Government for Germany created the Military Tribunal I, which conducted the first of the Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings, the Medical Case trial. On November 5, indictments were served to 23 SS physicians, scientists, and officials. The defendants were indicted on four counts: participation in the common design or conspiracy, war crimes, crimes against humanity and membership in criminal organizations. The defendants were accused of committing "murders, brutalities, cruelties, tortures, atrocities and other inhuman acts" on German civilians and nationals of other countries through a series of specific medical experiments dealing with the effects of high altitude, low temperature, seawater, typhus, infectious jaundice, sulfa drugs, bone grafting, and mustard gas, as well as through the Euthanasia and forced sterilization programs. The defendants were arraigned on November 21 and the trial ran from December 9, 1946 to July 19, 1947. The Tribunal rendered its judgment on August 20, finding fifteen of the defendants guilty, seven not guilty and one guilty only of membership in a criminal organization. The sentences were announced on August 21. Seven were sentenced to death, five to life terms, and four to terms of between 10 to 20 years. Those sentenced to death were hanged on June 2, 1948 at the Landsberg prison.

    https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/the-doctors-trial-the-medical-case-of-the-subsequent-nuremberg-proceedings.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Hedwig Wachenheimer Epstein
    Source Record ID: Collections: 1994.A.117

    Keywords & Subjects

    Record last modified:
    2008-12-12 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1036689

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