The U.S. Military Government for Germany created the Military Tribunal IV-A on December 11, 1947 in order to try the Ministries Case, the eleventh subsequent Nuremberg proceeding. The twenty-one defendants, including three Reich Ministers, as well as state secretaries and members of the Nazi Party hierarchy, were indicted on November 18 and arraigned two days later. The indictment listed eight counts: eighteen of the defendants were charged with committing crimes against peace by participating in the planning, preparation, initiation, and waging of wars of aggression and wars in violation of international treaties; seventeen of the defendants were charged with participating in a common plan or conspiracy to commit crimes against peace; eight were charged with committing war crimes by participating in atrocities and offenses, including murder, enslavement, and ill-treatment against POWs and those at war with Germany; thirteen were charged with committing crimes against humanity by participating in atrocities and offenses, including murder, extermination, and enslavement, against German nationals on political, religious, and racial grounds; nineteen were charged with committing war crimes and crimes against humanity by participating in the atrocities and offenses listed above against German nationals and civilians of territories under German occupation; sixteen were charged with committing war crimes and crimes against humanity by participating in the plunder of public and private property, exploitation, and spoliation of countries under German occupation; fourteen were charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity by participating in the enslavement, deportation for slave labor, and ill-treatment of civilians of territories under German control, German nationals, and POWs; and finally, fourteen were charged with membership in the SS, one with membership in the SD, and four with membership in the leadership corps of the Nazi Party, all recently-declared criminal organizations. The trial ran from January 6, 1948 until November 18, making it the second longest Nuremberg proceeding after the main IMT Trial. The Tribunal returned its judgment on six of the eight counts between April 11th and 13th, 1949, having dismissed count four during the trial, ruling it was beyond their jurisdiction, and dismissing count two for lack of evidence. It acquitted two of the defendants, but found the rest guilty on at least one charge. Sentencing was announced on April 13, the convicted defendants receiving terms ranging from 4 to 25 years. One final defendant was sentenced to time served. The United States High Commissioner for Germany revised these sentences on January 31, 1951, however, reducing eight of the sentences to various shorter terms or to time served.
Hans Heinrich Lammers (1879-1962) served as Chief of the Reich Chancellery from 1933 to 1945 and was Hitler's closest legal consultant. Born in the town of Lublintz in Upper Silesia in May of 1879, Lammers studied law and was named a county court judge in Beuthen in 1912. He served in the First World War and joined the Reich Ministry of the Interior as a senior government adviser. By 1933 he was named head of the Reich Chancery when the Nazis came to power. He grew in Hitler's esteem and became his most important underling in matters of State. Under the Fuhrer's approving eye, Lammers was named as Prussian State Councilor and by 1939 was the Ministerial Councilor for Reich Defense. Lammers' status and reliability grew, and by 1943 he worked with Bormann and Field Marshal Keitel fielding orders and documents that required Hitler's signature. Too closely tied to positions of power and intrigue, Lammers was accused by Bormann of trying to usurp the Fuhrer's office. Lammers was arrested and imprisoned. Following an internment by the Allies he was tried at Nuremberg and sentenced to twenty years for his knowledge of the Final Solution and anti-Jewish actions. However after two reductions of his sentence, he was released in December of 1951. Lammers died on January 4, 1962 in Dusseldorf.
[Source: Wistrich, Robert. "Who's Who in Nazi Germany." MacMillan, 1982.