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Joshua Heilman with his wife, Hanka Wajcblum Heilman, and Abraham, a friend, during the War of Independence.

Photograph | Photograph Number: 19741

Joshua Heilman with his wife, Hanka Wajcblum Heilman, and Abraham, a friend, during the War of Independence.

Hanka Wajcblum was born in Warsaw in 1928, the youngest of three daughters. Ester was born in 1927 and her oldest sister, Sabina, married Mieczyslaw Zielinksi and moved to the Soviet Union. Her parents, Jakub Wajcblum and Rebeka Jaglom Wajcblum, were both Deaf and mute. After the establishment of the Warsaw ghetto, the father was given permission to produce wooden crosses used at the German military cemeteries. The family was deported to Majdanek in May 1943. Jakub and Rebeka perished there. Ester and Hanka were transferred to Auschwitz Birkenau in September 1943.

They both worked in the Union munitions plant where they were involved in smuggling gun powder and transferring it to Roza Robota. She in turn transferred it to the Sondercommando underground. On October 7, 1944 these explosives were used in blowing up the crematorium IV in Birkenau. Four young women were arrested and tortured. On January 5, 1945, Ester Wajcblum along with Roza Robota, , Ala Gertner and Regina Safirsztajn were publicly hanged in Auschwitz.

Hanka was transferred to Neustadt Gloeve where she was liberated in May 1945 at the age of sixteen. She later moved to Ein-Yiron, Israel and married Joshua Heilman in March 1947.

Date
1949 May 04
Variant Locale
Israel
Photo Credit
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Anna and Joshua Heilman
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Record last modified: 2007-08-15 00:00:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/pa1067421