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Members of the extended Hochberg family gather around a table during the celebration of the bar mitzvah of Sigmund Hochberg.

Photograph | Photograph Number: 24179

Members of the extended Hochberg family gather around a table during the celebration of the bar mitzvah of Sigmund Hochberg.

Pictured at the head of the table are Bernard and Dina Hochberg with their children Sigmund and Eugenia. Rachel Katz is seated at the far right. Only Eugenia and her cousin Rachel survived the war.

The donor, Eugenia Hochberg (b. November 27, 1928), is the daughter of Bernard and Diana Harmelin Hochberg of Brody, Poland. She had one brother, Sigmund (b. 1922). Her father earned his living as a grain shipper. Eugenia attended a private non-religious Jewish school in Brody. After the German invasion and the repartition of Poland in the fall of 1939, Brody came under Soviet occupation. For two years the Hochbergs remained in their home, but were compelled to share their living quarters with other Jewish families. No longer permitted to run his own business, Bernard was forced to take work as a night watchman. In June 1941, following the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Brody fell under Nazi domination. On November 27, 1941 Bernard was deported to a labor/concentration camp in Zborow, where he remained for five months until his wife could purchase his freedom and bring him home. The Hochbergs relocated to the ghetto after its establishment in the winter of 1942. During this period Eugenia was sent for forced labor to various sites outside the ghetto. She also performed secretarial tasks in the offices of the Judenrat. The family was rounded-up during the final liquidation of the Brody ghetto on May 21, 1943. While on the deportation train to Majdanek, Eugenia's parents forced her to jump off before they reached their destination. Eugenia was found semi-conscious by Polish peasants who stole her clothing and were about to take her to the police, when a railway worker appeared and insisted on taking her himself. Instead of turning her in, however, he offered her temporary shelter and found clothes for her to wear. Eugenia found her way back to Brody, where she smuggled herself into the forced labor camp. Several weeks later she smuggled herself back out and found refuge with a Polish woman, who harbored other Jews for payment. Eugenia narrowly escaped capture by the Gestapo during a raid of her place of refuge in February 1944. Though she was able to find a Russian woman to take her in, Eugenia had to spend the last six weeks of the war concealed in a hole under the woman's bed. Following her liberation in March 1944, Eugenia lived for a time in Brody and Lublin. She married Henryk Lanceter in July 1945, and five months later left for Germany. The couple took up residence in the Finkenschlag DP camp in Fuerth, where their daughter was born. In the summer of 1949 the family emigrated to the United States, sailing aboard the SS General Holbrook to Boston.

Date
1935 May 04
Photo Credit
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Eugenia Hochberg Lanceter
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Record last modified: 2004-11-12 00:00:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/pa1086990