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Two young Jewish women walk along a street in the Warsaw ghetto.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 23283

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    Two young Jewish women walk along a street in the Warsaw ghetto.
    Two young Jewish women walk along a street in the Warsaw ghetto.

Pictured are Gina Tabaczynska (right) and her friend Hanka Birenbaum (left).


    Two young Jewish women walk along a street in the Warsaw ghetto.

    Pictured are Gina Tabaczynska (right) and her friend Hanka Birenbaum (left).
    1940 - 1943
    Warsaw, Poland
    Variant Locale
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Eugenia Tabaczynska Shrut

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Eugenia Tabaczynska Shrut
    Source Record ID: Collections: 1999.312.1

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Eugenia Shrut (born Gina Tabaczynska) is the daughter of Naftali and Rozalia (Szczecinska) Tabaczynska. She was born May 20, 1925 in Klodawa, Poland, where her father was a grain merchant. Gina had two older brothers, Pawel and Mietek. From 1936 until 1939 Gina lived with her uncle in Warsaw while she attended the Mirlasowej gymnasium. In November 1940 her family fled Klodawa and was later forced into the Warsaw ghetto. Gina was able to continue her education in an underground school in the ghetto. Along with several other students, she managed to complete the high school curriculum and pass a set of exams in 1942. Gina, her parents and her brother, Pawel, worked in the business office of the Schultz Firma, and so were protected from deportation through the winter of 1943. However, during the ghetto uprising, which began in April, Gina's entire family was killed or deported. Mietek died in the revolt. Pawel, who had returned to Warsaw after having fled to the Soviet Union at the beginning of the war, was deported with his wife, Bela, to the Poniatowa labor camp. Gina's parents were deported and murdered in the Trawniki concentration camp. During the first few weeks of the uprising Gina was concealed in a bunker built by her boyfriend, Boleslaw Szenfeld, on the grounds of the Schultz factory. She and 25 other Jews who were hiding in the bunker, were able to escape from the ghetto on April 30 after bribing a German soldier. Gina and eight other Jews found refuge in an apartment on the Aryan side of Warsaw. A Pole named Aleksander Pawlowski, lived with them and became their protector and provider. After a time, Gina was able to secure false papers. Posing as a Pole, she signed up to work in Germany in August 1944. Gina was assigned to the Brzeg labor camp near Wroclaw, where she worked with a crew repairing train tracks until the camp was liberated by the Soviets in February 1945. At the end of the war Gina returned to Poland, but remained there less than a year before moving to France in the spring of 1946. She lived in Paris until she was able to secure an American visa. In September 1947 Gina sailed aboard the SS Sobieski from Cannes to New York. The following year she married Marek Asz (the nephew of Yiddish writer, Sholem Asch) and settled in Boston. For a few years after her immigration she worked as an interpreter for HIAS [Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society]. Gina later married a second time, to a Polish-Jewish survivor named Jerzy Szrut (Shrut).
    Record last modified:
    2004-01-05 00:00:00
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