Julien Bluchetin (born Julien Bluschtein) was born on October 9, 1923 in Duisburg-Hamborn, Germany. His parents, Abram and Adele (Knecht) Bluschtein, were Polish Jews who had immigrated to Germany in the 1920s. Julien and his younger brother Arnold grew up in Duisburg, where their father worked as a tailor. In 1934 the Bluschteins moved to Paris, where they settled in the Jewish neighborhood of Belleville. In the spring of 1942 Julien and Arnold were taken under the protection of the OSE (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants). After spending a few days at the OSE children's home in Chabannes, the two were sent to another home in Masgelier. There the brothers lived for almost a year before Julien moved to the Eclaireurs Israelites de France hachshara [Zionist training farm] in Taluyers near Lyon. A few weeks later he was given false identification papers and placed on a farm in nearby Treve. The peasant family with whom he lived was unaware that he was Jewish. Julien continued to live on the farm until the liberation of Treve in August 1944. Shortly thereafter he returned to Paris, where he was employed by the World Jewish Congress for several years. Julien's parents and brother also survived the war in hiding.