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Jewish refugees arrive in San Francisco from Shanghai.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 26394

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    Jewish refugees arrive in San Francisco from Shanghai.
    Jewish refugees arrive in San Francisco from Shanghai.

Pictured from left to right are: unknown; Ilie Wacs; Chaja Ambaras (Sugihara survivor); Henry Sattler, unknown; Horst Schlochauser and unknown.

    Overview

    Caption
    Jewish refugees arrive in San Francisco from Shanghai.

    Pictured from left to right are: unknown; Ilie Wacs; Chaja Ambaras (Sugihara survivor); Henry Sattler, unknown; Horst Schlochauser and unknown.
    Date
    1949
    Locale
    San Francisco, CA United States
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Ilie Wacs

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Ilie Wacs

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Biography
    Ilie Wacs was born in Vienna, Austria on December 11, 1927 to Moritz Wacs and Henia Fach. Moritz had been a Romanian POW and was therefore not an Austrian citizen. Their marriage, therefore, was not recognized by the Austrian government, and Ilie's birth name was officially Ilie Fach. Mortiz owned a tailor shop, and Henia was a housewife. Ilie's younger sister Deborah was born in 1935. The couple lived in a primarily Catholic county where Ilie attended a public school. He was one of only five Jewish children in his class and often felt like an outsider. After the Nazi annexation of Austria, Moritz's business was "aryanized" and turned over to his head tailor, Alois. Alois, a member of the Nazi party, had prior knowledge of Kristallnacht and warned the Wacs family to leave their apartment. Following Kristallnacht the family decided to emigrate. They wanted to try to come to the United States, but since Ilie was a Romanian citizen this was not possible. They therefore booked passage on an Italian steamer Conte Biancomano for Shanghai. They sailed from Genoa on August 20, 1939, less than two weeks before the outbreak of World War II. In Shanghai Moritz found work as a custom tailor. After the war, Ilie attended art school in Paris for a year, and in 1950 the family immigrated to the United States.
    Record last modified:
    2015-06-23 00:00:00
    This page:
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