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Letter written on the back of a piece of letterhead from Oskar Schindler's Emaila enamelworks factory in Krakow.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: N02859

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    Letter written on the back of a piece of letterhead from Oskar Schindler's Emaila enamelworks factory in Krakow.
    Letter written on the back of a piece of letterhead from Oskar Schindler's Emaila enamelworks factory in Krakow.  

The letter is a confirmation that Mr. Samuel Stimler concentration camp Gross Rosen (Poland), especially in the branch camp in Brno (Czech Republic). Further they write that Mr. Stimler will return to Krakow where he is a resident and anbody is pleased to help him by this travel. Issued it is from a National Board of the V.(five) district in Brno on April 15, 1945.

    Overview

    Caption
    Letter written on the back of a piece of letterhead from Oskar Schindler's Emaila enamelworks factory in Krakow.

    The letter is a confirmation that Mr. Samuel Stimler concentration camp Gross Rosen (Poland), especially in the branch camp in Brno (Czech Republic). Further they write that Mr. Stimler will return to Krakow where he is a resident and anbody is pleased to help him by this travel. Issued it is from a National Board of the V.(five) district in Brno on April 15, 1945.
    Date
    1945 May 15
    Locale
    Krakow, [Krakow] Poland
    Variant Locale
    Krakau
    Cracow
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Samuel Stimler
    Event History
    The Sudeten German, Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), came to Krakow soon after the German invasion of Poland. There, he took over two previously Jewish-owned firms which manufactured and distributed enamel kitchenware. For a time he operated one of them as a trustee for the German occupation administration. Schindler then established his own enamelworks, known as Emalia, in the Krakow suburb of Zablocie. He employed mostly Jewish workers from the Krakow ghetto, since they were a cheap source of labor. The factory proved to be a temporary haven for Jews seeking protection from deportation. After the liquidation of the Krakow ghetto and the transfer of the survivors to the Plaszow concentration camp, Schindler used his influence with German officials to set up a branch of the camp for some nine hundred Jewish workers in his factory compound in Zablocie. By stark contrast to those who remained in the main camp, Schindler's Jews were treated humanely. In October 1944, with the approach of the Red Army, Schindler was given permission to transfer his enamelworks to Bruennlitz in the Sudetenland, where it was to be reestablished as an armaments factory. He succeeded in transferring with him between 700 and 800 Jewish men and 300 Jewish women, saving them from internment in the concentration camps of Gross Rosen and Auschwitz. In 1962 Schindler was named one of the Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem.

    https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005787.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Samuel Stimler
    Source Record ID: Collections: 1991.109.1

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Artifact Geography
    Washington, DC United States
    Record last modified:
    2009-11-24 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1105039

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