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Invitation issued to Noach Miedzinksi, camp administrator of Kibbutz Nili, to attend the Second Congress of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 29945

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    Invitation issued to Noach Miedzinksi, camp administrator of Kibbutz Nili, to attend the Second Congress of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation.
    Invitation issued to Noach Miedzinksi, camp administrator of Kibbutz Nili, to attend the Second Congress of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation.

    Overview

    Caption
    Invitation issued to Noach Miedzinksi, camp administrator of Kibbutz Nili, to attend the Second Congress of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation.
    Date
    1947 February 16
    Locale
    Bad Reichenhall, [Bavaria; Munich] Germany
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Ruchana Medine White
    Event History
    The Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone of Germany was the official representative body of displaced Jews in the American zone of Germany from 1945 to 1950. The Central Committee was founded on July 1, 1945 at the first meeting of representatives of Jewish DP camps held in Feldafing. It came into being through the joint effort of Dr. Zalman Grinberg, the head of the St. Ottilien hospital DP camp and former director of the Kovno ghetto hospital, and Rabbi Abraham Klausner, an American reform rabbi serving as a chaplain in the U.S. Army. The newly created body established its headquarters in Munich (located first at the Deutsches Museum and later at 3 Sieberstrasse) and set up seven sub-committees to formulate policy and coordinate activity in the areas of education, culture, religious affairs, clothing, nutrition, emigration and information. The Feldafing meeting was quickly followed by a conference in St. Ottilien on July 24. Its purpose was to expand the representative base of the Central Committee and to draw public attention to the plight of Jewish survivors in DP camps, so as to put pressure on Britain to open Palestine to DP immigration. The 94 delegates from German and Austrian camps issued a resolution demanding the abrogation of the British White Paper, which prevented them from leaving the camps and starting their lives afresh in their own homeland. In addition, they called for the recognition of the Jewish DPs as a distinct group meriting their own camps, in which they would govern themselves. The Central Committee failed in its bid to incorporate the Jewish DPs of Austria and the British zone of Germany into their organizational structure. However, it continued to represent the largest group of Jewish DPs and eventually won recognition by the American Army of Occupation (September 7, 1946) as "the legal and democratic representation of the liberated Jews in the American zone." In the five years of its existence, the Central Committee convened three formal congresses: Munich, January 27-29, 1946; Bad Reichenhall, February 25-28, 1947; and Bad Reichenhall, March 30-April 2, 1948. Dr. Zalman Grinberg served as the Chairman of the Central Committee from its inception until his immigration to Palestine in 1946. He was succeeded by his deputy, David Treger (another Kovno ghetto survivor), who was elected Chairman at both the second and third congresses. The Central Committee was involved in every aspect of Jewish DP life, either independently or in conjunction with one or more of the Jewish welfare agencies operating in the area. Through its constituent departments the Central Committee played a central role in education, culture, religious affairs, historical documentation, employment and training, supply and distribution, politics and public relations, family tracing and immigration, legal affairs and restitution.

    [Sources: Bauer, Yehuda. "The Organization of Holocaust Survivors," Yad Vashem Studies, vol. 8 (1970); Hyman, Abraham S. The Undefeated, Jerusalem, 1993; Mankowitz, Zev. "The Formation of She'erit Hapleita,"Yad Vashem Studies, vol. 20 (1990); Schwarz, Leo.The Redeemers, New York, 1953]

    https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005459.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Ruchana Medine White

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Biography
    Ruchana Medine White (born Nili Ruchana Miedzinski) is the daughter of Noach and Sara (Feldberg) Miedzinski. She was born November 9, 1945 at the Kibbutz Nili hachshara (Zionist agricultural collective) in Pleikershof, Germany. She had one sister, Brigitta, who was born in April 1948. Nili's father, Noach Miedzinski (later Bernard Medine), was born in Kalisz, Poland in 1914. He was the son of a Hasidic rebbe and was the youngest of eight children. Noach was brought up by an older sister after his mother died when he was just two years old. At the outbreak of World War II Noach was a soldier in the Polish army. During the war he was imprisoned in the Warsaw ghetto, where he became involved in the Zionist underground forging and distributing false papers. After being caught in the possession of such documents, Noach was lined up for execution in front of a synagogue. He was shot through the neck and thrown into a mass grave, but he was not killed. After coming to in the grave, he pulled himself out and nursed his wounds. Later he was arrested again and sent to the Skarzysko Kamienna labor camp, and from there to Czestochowa and Gross Rosen. In the camps he met Sara Feldberg, a Polish Jew from Zwolen, whom he later married. Sara was the only one of the eight children in her family to survive the war. Following the liberation Sara and Noach returned to Zwolen to retrieve Sara's nephew who had been placed in hiding with a Polish family. When the family refused to give him up, Noach kidnapped the boy in the middle of the night and took him to live with a relative. Subsequently, Sara and Noach moved to Germany, where they joined Kibbutz Nili, a Zionist agricultural training farm located in Pleikershof near Fuerth. Eventually, Noach became the administrator of the settlement.
    Record last modified:
    2003-06-13 00:00:00
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