Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Portrait of t Mechel, Ruth, and Lea Blumenstock in England where they stayed after the return of the St. Louis.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 31839

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Portrait of t Mechel, Ruth, and Lea Blumenstock in England where they stayed after the return of the St. Louis.
    Portrait of t Mechel, Ruth, and Lea Blumenstock in England where they stayed after the return of the St. Louis.

Photograph was later attached to the card signed, "With love, Ruth," and dated "Spalding, September 25, 1943.

    Overview

    Caption
    Portrait of t Mechel, Ruth, and Lea Blumenstock in England where they stayed after the return of the St. Louis.

    Photograph was later attached to the card signed, "With love, Ruth," and dated "Spalding, September 25, 1943.
    Date
    1943 September 25
    Locale
    Spalding, England
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Ruth Blumenstock Mandel

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Ruth Blumenstock Mandel
    Source Record ID: Collections: 1989.55

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Artifact Photographer
    Max Reid
    Biography
    Ruth Mandel (born Ruth Blumenstock) is the daughter of Mechel Blumenstock (b. 1902) and Lea Schmelzer Blumenstock (b. 1914). Ruth was born in Vienna in 1938. After the Nazi takeover of Austria, Mechel, who was born in Poland, was officially declared "stateless." On the night of Kristallnacht, November 9-10 1938, he was arrested and sent to the Dachau concentration camp. Lea managed to secure his release by obtaining a visa for him to immigrate to Shanghai. Mechel, however, attempted to flee to Belgium and join his oldest brother who was living there illegally. He was caught and sent back to Vienna. In the meantime, Lea's brother, Gabriel Schmelzer, who was living in New York, arranged for the family to receive Cuban visas and purchased three tickets for them on the MS St. Louis. Ruth, aged eight months, was probably the youngest passenger on board the ship. After the ship was turned away from Cuba, the Blumenstocks sought refuge in England. Originally they were forbidden to seek employment. England wanted Mechel to serve in the Polish army, but having been stripped of his prior citizenship, he refused. He then was drafted into the British army. Mechel's brother had also been in England, but having been declared an "enemy alien," he was deported to Australia. The Blumenstocks stayed in England until 1949 also caring for a cousin, Henry Schmelzer who had arrived earlier on the Kindertransport. In 1949 they immigrated to the United States, and Henry went to Israel.
    Record last modified:
    2015-04-22 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1110706

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us