Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Group portrait of a unit of the Polish Home Army [Armia Krajowa].

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 32443

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Group portrait of a unit of the Polish Home Army [Armia Krajowa].
    Group portrait of a unit of the Polish Home Army [Armia Krajowa]. 

Among those pictured is Chaim Lingalka, the donor's cousin.  Lingalka joined the AK under the alias Adam Sarna.  His unit was sent to Italy where it joined forces with the British Army.

Also pictured is Ewald Kroll (second row, third from the right) who joined the AK after first having served as  a Volksdeutsch in the Wehrmacht.

    Overview

    Caption
    Group portrait of a unit of the Polish Home Army [Armia Krajowa].

    Among those pictured is Chaim Lingalka, the donor's cousin. Lingalka joined the AK under the alias Adam Sarna. His unit was sent to Italy where it joined forces with the British Army.

    Also pictured is Ewald Kroll (second row, third from the right) who joined the AK after first having served as a Volksdeutsch in the Wehrmacht.
    Date
    1943 - 1945
    Locale
    Italy?
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of George Gerzon (Gerzon Trzcina)
    Event History
    The Polish Home Army (AK or Armia Krajowa), was one of the two main military organizations of the Polish underground that operated in German-occupied Poland. The other major organization was the Communist-oriented People's Army (Armia Ludowa, known as the People's Guard, or Gwardia Ludowa, before January 1944). The AK, which functioned in all areas of the country from the beginning of the German occupation until January 1945, was linked to the London-based Polish government-in-exile, and shared its political orientation. The first commander of the AK was Stefan Rowecki. After his arrest in 1943, he was replaced by Tadeusz Bor-Komorowski, who served from July 1943 until his capture in September 1944. The final commander was Leopold Okulicki. The AK, which had between 250,000 and 350,000 members by 1944, was responsible for intensive economic and armed sabotage during the German occupation. It carried out thousands of armed raids and intelligence operations, bombed hundreds of railway shipments, and was involved in untold numbers of battles with German police and army units. Its forces were behind the Warsaw Uprising of August 1, 1944 that was suppressed by the Germans only on October 2. The AK provided very limited support for the Jewish population. In February 1942 it formed the Section for Jewish Affairs directed by Henryk Wolinski, which collected information about the situation of Polish Jews, on the basis of which reports were sent to London. It also centralized contacts between Polish and Jewish military organizations. The AK provided the Warsaw ghetto fighters with a small amount of guns and ammunition, and during the ghetto uprising, carried out holding actions outside the ghetto walls. Only a few Jews were actually accepted into the ranks of the AK.

    [Source: Guttman, Israel (ed.). Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. "Armia Krajowa," MacMillan, 1990.] m

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: George Gerzon (Gerzon Trzcina)

    Keywords & Subjects

    Record last modified:
    2004-08-17 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1117938

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us