Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Rosa Kwar poses in a garden while in hiding in Sieciechowice.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 59846

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Rosa Kwar poses in a garden while in hiding in Sieciechowice.
    Rosa Kwar poses in a garden while in hiding in Sieciechowice.


    Rosa Kwar poses in a garden while in hiding in Sieciechowice.
    Sieciechowice, [Krakow] Poland
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Rose Kfar Rose

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Rose Kfar Rose

    Keywords & Subjects

    Photo Designation
    RESCUERS & RESCUED -- Poland

    Administrative Notes

    Rose Kfar Rose (born Roza Kwar) is the daughter of Benzion (Bentchik) Kwar and Tinka (Hercer) Kwar. She was born in Lvov in 1927. Her father had four brothers and other extended family living in the United States. One brother, Charles Kfar, visited Roza and her parents in 1938. He brought affidavits of support so they could apply for immigration visas. When the family went to the American embassy, they were told that the quota was currently full, and that they probably would not receive visas until 1942. In the meantime World War II broke out, and in June 1941, Germany occupied Lvov. Rose and her parents were forced into a ghetto, had to wear identifying armbands and were assigned to forced labor. In August 1942, Benzion purchased false papers for Roza under the name Janina Gornicka. Roza agreed to leave her parents only after they assured her they also planned to escape. They told her that if they did not survive, she should contact the American relatives after the war ended. Roza left the ghetto and went to live with Krystyna Moskalik, a Polish schoolteacher, in village of Siechiechowice. Krystyna told her neighbors that the girl was the daughter of a cousin. The Red Army liberated Siechiechowice in January 1945. Roza had continued her studies clandestinely all the time she was in hiding, and after liberation Krystyna encouraged Roza to move to Krakow to pursue her education in a more formal setting. Roza enrolled in a special program in the Krakow Lyceum in math and physics and finished the two-year curriculum in one year. Roza continued to live under her assumed Polish name, but she also registered with the Jewish committee under her real name in the hope of making contact with any surviving relatives. She met a close family friend who told her that her mother had escaped a deportation train to Belzec but had died of typhus in February 1943. Her father had escaped from Janowska and also died of typhus the following month. The friend said that at the time of the liquidation of the Lvov ghetto in June 1943, only three of her many relatives were still alive. One of them, Oskar Wasserman (a brother-in-law of Benzion) was liberated from Buchenwald. He managed to place an ad looking for his wife's relatives in New York. Another brother-in-law, David Kfar, saw the ad and contacted him. Oskar told him that Roza might be alive, and he should try to find her in Krakow. In the meantime, Roza reunited with her mother's sister, Frieda Herzer. The American relatives promised to bring Roza and Frieda to America. Since they could not get American visas right away, they arranged for the two women to receive immigration visas to Cuba and transit visas to the US. Roza and Frieda took a train to Paris and from there flew to New York, arriving on July 30, 1946. After a six-week reunion with their American relatives, they had to move to Cuba to await proper visas. A year and a half later, on January 21, 1948, they immigrated to America. In 1989, Yad Vashem recognized Krystyna Moskalik as one of the Righteous Among the Nations.
    Record last modified:
    2005-04-06 00:00:00
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us