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Postcard written by Hela Tenenbaum in the Lódz ghetto to Luba Tenenbaum in Siberia in which Hela reports that she is working, Andzia is in school and Mom is healthy, but they are all very worried that they do not get any correspondence from Luba.

Photograph | Not Digitized | Photograph Number: 60815A

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    Overview

    Caption
    Postcard written by Hela Tenenbaum in the Lódz ghetto to Luba Tenenbaum in Siberia in which Hela reports that she is working, Andzia is in school and Mom is healthy, but they are all very worried that they do not get any correspondence from Luba.
    Date
    1941 May 28
    Locale
    Lodz, [Lodz] Poland
    Variant Locale
    Litzmannstadt
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Libby Flumenbaum

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Libby Flumenbaum
    Source Record ID: Collections: 2000.503

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Biography
    Libby Flumenbaum (born Luba Tenenbaum) is the oldest daughter of Samuel Szmul Tenenbaum and Ruchla Nechuma Szwarcburg Tenenbaum. She was born on June 30, 1922 in Lodz, Poland and had two younger sisters: Hela (Chaja Róza), b. 1925 and Andzia Chana, b. 1927. She attended a private Jewish gymnasium for girls "Maria Hochstein School" and graduated in May 1939. Less than four months later, Germany invaded Poland. On November 1, 1939 the Germans arrested and executed Szmul Tenenbaum together with other Jewish men. Shortly afterwards, Ruchla instructed Luba to go to Lvov, where her brother, Itzhak Szwarcburg, lived. Ruchla hoped that Luba would be able to attend university in Lvov. Luba started on her journey on November 22, 1939 and finally arrived at her uncle's home on December 6, 1939. In June 1940 the Soviet authorities demanded that all refugees declare whether they want to go back to Poland, accept Soviet citizenship or stay where they are. Luba indicated her desire to return to her family in Lodz. On June 29, 1940 she was forced to board a deportation train to Svierdlovsk in Siberia. Luba and other refugees were then taken to Labor Camp #45 in Soshva, where they worked in a sawmill. In August 1942 she was released from the forced labor camp and sent to Kermine in Uzbekistan where she worked in an orphanage for Polish and Jewish children. There she met Lajbisz Leon Flumenbaum, and they married on October 12, 1945. Leon was born on April 13, 1914 in Zwolen, Poland. After the war, the young couple returned to Lodz, Poland in may 1946, where Leon became involved in Bricha, smuggling Jewish children out of Poland. Luba learned that her mother, Ruchla Tenenbaum, died in the Lodz ghetto on September 28, 1940 and her youngest sister Andzia was struck by lightening and died on June 26, 1941. Hela Tenenbaum, the middle sister, survived deportation to Auschwitz and Elsing concentration camp, a sub-camp of Buchenwald. Luba and Leon Flumenbaum left Poland in August 1946 and crossed the border to Czechoslovakia illegally. They traveled via Vienna, Austria and arrived in Salzburg DP camp. They stayed there for a few weeks and moved to Stuttgart, Germany, where they were reunited with Leon's brothers: Israel (Irving) and Szlama (Sam), who survived the Skarzysko Kamienna concentration camp and with Pejsach (Paul), who survived Buchenwald. On February 1, 1950 Luba and Leon Flumenbaum immigrated to the United States on board SS Gen. Howze.
    Record last modified:
    2010-08-17 00:00:00
    This page:
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