- Interior view of the cell occupied by Adolf Hitler following the abortive Beer Hall Putsch, preserved as a shrine by the Nazis.
- Landsberg, [Bavaria] Germany
- Variant Locale
- Landsberg Am Lech
- Photo Credit
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Joseph H. Williams
- Event History
- Landsberg Prison continued to function as a penal facility after Adolf Hitler's incarceration there in 1924 until Hitler's rise to power. During the first six years of the Nazi regime (1933-1939) the structure served as a memorial to Hitler's incarceration. More than 4,000 visitors came to the prison, which also served to host ceremonies of the Hitler Youth. Between 1945 and 1957, the facility became a prison again, this time for Nazi offenders convicted in the subsequent Nuremberg trials of the International Military Tribunal. Ohlendorf and Pohl were executed there, and the last convicts were released in 1957. Today, the facility remains a prison under the administration of the Corrections Department of the Bavarian Ministry of Justice.
[brief by the Senior Historian's Office, USHMM]