Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Members of Hanoar Hatzioni celebrate Chanukka in the Lodz ghetto.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 23694

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Members of Hanoar Hatzioni celebrate Chanukka in the Lodz ghetto.
    Members of Hanoar Hatzioni celebrate Chanukka in the Lodz ghetto.  

The young men hold a sign with a picture of a menorah that reads,"1943/Festival of the Maccabees."  The Polish letters on the branches of the menorah spell out the word "KASPIJK," possibly the name of the chapter of the organization.   

Standing left to right, first row: Zvi Lautenberg, Przygorski (later Irving Gorsky), Marek Rus and Julian Waks.  Second row: Libicki, Kuba Lubinski, Rozenes, Wiktor Sztajn, Aron Jakubson and Abraham Klugman.  Third row: Josef Waserciser, Alek Szapira, unknown, unknown, unknown, Chaim Rozenowicz and Arie Princ.  Fourth row, Lolek Lubinski, Kliger, Kohen, Adolek Kohen, and unknown.  Top row. Henryk Bergman (far left), others unknown.

    Overview

    Caption
    Members of Hanoar Hatzioni celebrate Chanukka in the Lodz ghetto.

    The young men hold a sign with a picture of a menorah that reads,"1943/Festival of the Maccabees." The Polish letters on the branches of the menorah spell out the word "KASPIJK," possibly the name of the chapter of the organization.

    Standing left to right, first row: Zvi Lautenberg, Przygorski (later Irving Gorsky), Marek Rus and Julian Waks. Second row: Libicki, Kuba Lubinski, Rozenes, Wiktor Sztajn, Aron Jakubson and Abraham Klugman. Third row: Josef Waserciser, Alek Szapira, unknown, unknown, unknown, Chaim Rozenowicz and Arie Princ. Fourth row, Lolek Lubinski, Kliger, Kohen, Adolek Kohen, and unknown. Top row. Henryk Bergman (far left), others unknown.
    Date
    December 1943
    Locale
    Lodz, [Lodz] Poland
    Variant Locale
    Litzmannstadt
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Henryk and Juta Bergman

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Henryk and Juta Bergman
    Source Record ID: Collections: 2005.318
    Second Record ID: Collections: 2005.239
    Yad Vashem Photo and Film Archives
    Copyright: Agency Agreement
    Source Record ID: YV 037G05

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Artifact Photographer
    Max Reid
    Biography
    Jutta Bergman (born Jutta Ita Szmirgeld) is the daughter of Benjamin (b. 1900) and Hela Hendla (b. 1896) Szmirgeld. She was born in Breslau on July 8, 1927. Her younger brother Simon was born in 1929. In 1935 their family moved to Lodz. Benjamin Szmirgeld died before the war began, so in 1940, Jutta moved to the ghetto together with her mother, brother and maternal grandmother, Sara Ryfka Lieberman. Jutta already had begun Gymnasium and was able to briefly continue her schooling in the ghetto. After finishing school, Jutta worked in a number of the ghetto workshops sewing and making saddles and straw shoes. Jutta's family was not well connected and consequently did not have the wherewithal to receive more than the basic minimal food rations. However despite her impoverishment, cold and malnourishment, Jutta also experienced joy in the ghetto resulting from her participation in the Zionist youth movement, Hanoar Hatzioni. There she befriended one of the group's leaders Henryk Bergman. Henryk is the son of Binyamin and Frymeta Bergman. He was born on September 10, 1922 and sister Ruta was born in 1925. His older brother Pinchas (b. 1916) was mobilized for the Polish army and never returned. In the ghetto, Henryk worked in the statistical department.

    In September 1942, the Germans ordered the Jewish police to sweep the ghetto for the children, the elderly and infirmed. This became know as the Gehsperre Aktion. Jutta, her mother and brother had to stand at attention while her grandmother was rounded-up. Sara Ryfka Lieberman was among those deported to Chelmno and murdered. In August 1944, the Germans liquidated the Lodz ghetto. Jutta was deported to Auschwitz together with her mother and brother. Her mother, who was already quite weak, and brother perished there. Jutta survived Auschwitz and was then transferred to the Bergen-Belsen and Saltzwadel camps. After liberation she returned to Lodz. Henryk Bergman also was deported to Auschwitz in August 1944 together with his mother and sister who were killed upon arrival. His father had already died in the ghetto. Henryk went from Auschwitz to Braunschweig and later to Woeblin where he was liberated by the American Army. He was quite ill upon liberation. After recuperating in a hospital, he too returned to Lodz, and he and Jutta reunited. Together they went to Germany where they married on July 2, 1946 in kibbutz LaMatara in a DP Camp in Germany. From there they attempted to immigrate to Palestine. The British intercepted their ship and sent them to an internment camp in Cyprus. However, Henryk and Jutta eventually managed to reach Palestine in February 1948. Henryk later became chairman of the Association of Jews form Lodz in Israel.
    Record last modified:
    2011-11-22 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1159649

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us