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American military attorneys review a stack of documents while seated in front of the defendants during the Dachau war crimes trial.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 12600

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    American military attorneys review a stack of documents while seated in front of the defendants during the Dachau war crimes trial.
    American military attorneys review a stack of documents while seated in front of the defendants during the Dachau war crimes trial.

    Overview

    Caption
    American military attorneys review a stack of documents while seated in front of the defendants during the Dachau war crimes trial.
    Date
    1945 November 15 - 1945 December 13
    Locale
    Dachau, [Bavaria] Germany
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Leslie Urch
    Event History
    The Dachau concentration camp trial opened on November 2, 1945 in Dachau, Germany. Forty individuals who had participated in the operation of the Dachau concentration camp were charged with the murder and mistreatment of foreign nationals imprisoned there. Among those charged were Martin Gottfried Weiss, the camp commandant from 1942-1943; Dr. Klaus Karl Schilling, an SS physician who was brought to Dachau to find a method of immunizing people against malaria; and three former prisoners. The trial lasted from November 15 to December 13, 1945, with seventy witnesses called for the prosecution and fifty witnesses called for the defense. All forty defendants were found guilty, with thirty-six being sentenced to death by hanging (including Weiss and Schilling), one sentenced to hard labor for life, and three sentenced to hard labor for ten years. A few of the sentences were reduced after a review board determined the defendants were involved to a lesser degree than originally believed, but most were upheld. Weiss was executed on May 29, 1946 and Schilling on May 28, 1946, both in Landsberg Prison.

    https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007145.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Leslie Urch
    Source Record ID: Collections: 2006.117

    Keywords & Subjects

    Record last modified:
    2009-05-21 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1161091

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