Prewar studio portrait of a Greek Jewish family.
Photograph | Photograph Number: 33637
Circa 1927 - 1929
- Photo Designation
LIFE BEFORE THE HOLOCAUST -- Greece -- Family/Friends/Portraits
- Photo Credit
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Julie Larido
Prewar studio portrait of a Greek Jewish family.
Pictured are the Yaffes: Samuel, Joyia and their children, Mordo and Alberto. Mordo died before the start of the war.
- Julie Larido and Lena Mounina are the daughters of Alberto and Anneta Yaffe. Anneta Yaffe was born in Veria, Greece on October 10, 1927. She came from a large close-knit family. Her father Sabati Mordochai died when she was very young, and her mother Vida raised eight children: Mintesh, Riketa, Ruben, Ida, Jacko, Alberto, Anneta and Isaac. Mintesh married to Rachel and had two boys Sabi and Abraham. Riketa married to Joseph Strumsa and had three children: Lena, Julica and Jacob. Ida was married to. The family not wealthy especially after the death of the father. On April 6, 1941, the Germans and Italians, supported by Bulgarian, Hungarian, and Romanian units, attacked Greece. After the Greek surrender in June, Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria divided the country into zones of occupation. Veria fell under the German zone. In 1942 the Jews in Veria had to wear the yellow star and were subjected to curfew. That same year Anneta's sister Ida married Isaak Alvo. Her brother Rueben became friendly with Alberto Yaffe, the son of a wealthy textile merchant, who had moved with his family from Kavala to Veria and invited him home. Alberto fell in love with Anneta even though she was only 15 and he was 18. Though Anneta's mother at first had misgivings about the match, when Alberto's family who were much wealthier, agreed to supply the dowry, she agreed. Anneta was not informed until the arrangements had been finalized and was initially very upset since she did not want to get married. In March 1943, shortly before the holiday of Purim, Germans began to implement the round up the Jews of Veria. Ida and her husband decided to go into hiding as did Alberto's family. The families decided he and Anneta should wed immediately so that she could go into hiding with him. In May approximately 660 Jews, including members of Anneta's family were seized in the synagogue and shipped to Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen and Treblinka. Anneta and Reuben escaped with Alberto's family. Their mother stayed behind as did their other brothers who packed tools thinking they were going to work in Germany. Unfortunately, their planned escape route passed through an area patrolled by German troops. They shifted plans and almost were denounced by Greek youths who recognized and began fighting with them. They eventually found shelter for the night in the home of a Greek friend of Anneta. The following day, Reuben went to see what happened in town. When he learned that nothing had occurred overnight, he decided to return home despite Alberto's pleading. Alberto and Anneta never saw him again. Anneta and Alberto made their way to where his parents, Samuel and Joyia, were hiding. The four of them made their way to a more remote area in Kokova where they lived in a shack built from branches and leaves. Anneta however was very depressed from being away from her family. After learning that some villagers planned to betray them and steal their merchandise, they escaped early in the morning to a new, friendly village, Kalivia Haradras. They found a place to stay on the second floor of home owned by, Mr. Savidis, from Pondi Russia. Except for him, none of the other villagers knew they were Jewish and assumed they simply were refugees from Kavala. Eventually four other Jewish families came to live there. One day Samuel, Alberto's father became sick and needed to go to a doctor in Katerini. The family decided that Anneta would escort him since she would draw the least attention. Samuel was diagnosed with pneumonia and had to remain in town for eight days. However on one of their last days there, German troops began a house to house search for a member of the Andartes, the Greek resistance movement. Suspecting Samuel, Greek collaborators began to beat him Samuel. He insisted he did not belong to Andartes, but finally confessed that he was Jewish. They arrested him and Anneta, along with some 50 to 60 other people, and sent them to a work camp in Thessaloniki. Anneta remained there but her father-in-law was shipped elsewhere. Though a prisoner, Anneta was allowed to stay in the home of an elderly and kindly Greek worker, who had permission to come and go from camp. Anneta worked in the camp kitchen and offices and managed to engage in minor sabotage stealing food and fake papers for other prisoners. As the war wound down, the German guards prepared to retreat but Anneta heard a rumor that they planned to take her with them. She therefore ran away and hid with daughter of woman who housed her. After liberation Alberto found her. They also reunited with Ida and her daughter Yiona also survived. However, Ida's husband, Anneta's other siblings, her mother and father-in-law all were killed in the Holocaust. Ida, Alberto, Joyia and Anneta returned to Veria. It took them three months to get their house back and an additional three months for Alberto to reclaim his store. With the outbreak of civil war, their situation again became endangered, and they decided to move to Thessaloniki. Anneta gave birth to her older daughter Julie in 1946 and another daughter Lena in 1954. In 1956 they immigrated to the United States.
- Photo Source
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial MuseumProvenance: Julie Larido
Record last modified: 2007-06-25 00:00:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/pa1163484