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Execution of SS concentration camp physician Eduard Krebsach who was convicted of war crimes at the Mauthausen trial.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 46731

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    Execution of SS concentration camp physician Eduard Krebsach who was convicted of war crimes at the Mauthausen trial.
    Execution of SS concentration camp physician Eduard Krebsach who was convicted of war crimes at the Mauthausen trial.

    Overview

    Caption
    Execution of SS concentration camp physician Eduard Krebsach who was convicted of war crimes at the Mauthausen trial.
    Date
    1947 May 27
    Locale
    Landsberg, [Bavaria] Germany
    Variant Locale
    Landsberg Am Lech
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College Park

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    National Archives and Records Administration, College Park
    Copyright: Public Domain

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Biography
    Eduard Krebsbach (1894-1947), SS concentration camp physician who initiated the mass execution of ill and unfit prisoners by heart injections. Krebsbach received his doctorate from the University of Bonn. He worked for many years as a pediatrician and in-plant doctor, before applying for membership in the SS in 1937. The following year he was inducted into the SS as Untersturmführer (SS second lieutenant). Between the fall of 1941 and the fall of 1943 Krebsbach served as Standortarzt (chief physician) of the SS and the Police at the Linz, Steyr, Wels and Gusen satellite camps of Mauthausen. In this period he initiated the mass execution of sick prisoners by heart injections (Spritzen), for which he earned the nickname "Dr. Spritzbach". (Heart injections were given at the Gusen camp twice a week until April 1945). Krebsbach's career at Mauthausen ended abruptly after he shot and killed a German soldier by the name of Josef Breitenfellner while on vacation in May 1943. Krebsbach was then transferred to the Warwara concentration camp, where he led the selections and presided over the liquidation of the camp in August 1944. Afterwards Krebsbach became "Inspector for Epidemics" in Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania and then Oberstabsarzt (chief staff doctor) in the regular army. At the end of 1944 he left that job as well and went to work as the company doctor in a textile factory in the city of Kassel. Krebsbach was captured after the war and sentenced to death by a U.S. military court in Dachau on May 5, 1946. His execution took place in Landsberg on May 28, 1947.

    [Source: Mauthausen Concentration Camp Memorial (29 August 2002)]
    Record last modified:
    2010-12-07 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1171484

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