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Original caption: "German civilians, selected from all walks of life in nearby Weimar, are marched into Camp Buchenwald. Escorted by military policemmen of the Third U.S. Army, the civilians were forced to witness all the evidence of Nazi atrocities in the camp. The black flag atop the tower was hung because of President Roosevelt's death.

Photograph | Photograph Number: 51034

Original caption: "German civilians, selected from all walks of life in nearby Weimar, are marched into Camp Buchenwald. Escorted by military policemmen of the Third U.S. Army, the civilians were forced to witness all the evidence of Nazi atrocities in the camp. The black flag atop the tower was hung because of President Roosevelt's death.

The Buchenwald concentration camp, on a small hill about four miles outside Weimar, was captured April 13, 1945, by troops of the Third U.S. Army. Approximately 21,000 inmates ---- Russian, Polish, French, Italian and Czechoslovakian --- were liberated. They were the living dead. Some clustered weakly about the first Americans to enter the camp and died as they spoke. Children had convict numbers tattooed on the stick-like arms. In 10 years, more than 70,000 persons were starved and butchered in this camp. Nazi scientists had a field of death to pick from at Buchenwald for their experiments. A crematorium was operated until the German ran out of coal, then the bodies were stacked up in two rows like cordwood. One of the barracks where prisoners were quartered until they died had once stabled 80 horses. The Germans put 1,200 men in it, five to bunk. Every 24 hours, prisoners received a small piece of brown bread, a little margerine and one scant portion of stew."

Date
1945 April 13
Photo Credit
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Joseph Eaton
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Record last modified: 2011-02-24 00:00:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/pa1173582