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A Polish prisoner wearing a badge with P is joyous after his liberation from a Nazi labor camp.

Photograph | Photograph Number: 55308

A Polish prisoner wearing a badge with P is joyous after his liberation from a Nazi labor camp.

The original caption reads:
Allied Drives Free Thousands of Nazi Slaves
As Allied armies on the Western Front sweep eastward across the Reich, they are freeing tens of thousands of foreign workers from Nazi slave labor camps. These displaced persons are temporarily placed in repatriation camps until they can be transported to their homelands by the Allies. At the camps, they are carefully questioned to make sure they are not German soldiers disguised as civilians. At one displaced persons center, 28 out of 3,000 men proved to be German troops attempting to flee into Belgium or Holland.

By March 19, 1945, freed French slave workers were arriving in Paris at the rate of 2,000 daily and it was estimated that approximately 2,500,060 French nationals were still inside Germany. Estimates of the total number of foreign workers in the Reich run as high as 20,600,000, most of them Russians or Poles. U.S. General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander- in-Chief Allied Expeditionary Force, has requested the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration to train between 3,500 and 6,000 persons to operate assembly centers, and 21 UNRRA teams had arrived in Europe by March 31.

These pictures show a few of the 5,000 displaced persons registered at a single repatriation camp on the Western Front during 12 days.

THIS PHOTO SHOWS: Long days of labor on a Nazi farm are over for this Pole, joyous at his liberation, A tanner by profession, Yan Yakubasik of Lublin wears a yellow patch with a purple "P" which the Germans used to denote his nationaltiy. He has been working in the Reich for three years. Associated Press Photo.

Circa 1945
Photo Credit
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Joseph Eaton
Record last modified: 2012-02-29 00:00:00
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