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Page from a photo album documenting the construction of the SS Truppenlazarett, the SS troop hospital in Auschwitz.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 69262

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    Page from a photo album documenting the construction of the SS Truppenlazarett, the SS troop hospital in Auschwitz.
    Page from a photo album documenting the construction of the SS Truppenlazarett, the SS troop hospital in Auschwitz.

    Overview

    Caption
    Page from a photo album documenting the construction of the SS Truppenlazarett, the SS troop hospital in Auschwitz.
    Date
    1944
    Locale
    Auschwitz, [Upper Silesia] Poland
    Variant Locale
    Brzezinka
    Birkenau
    Auschwitz III
    Monowitz
    Auschwitz II
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Peter Wirths

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Peter Wirths
    Source Record ID: Collections: 2015.66.1

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Biography
    Dr. Eduard Wirths was born September 4, 1909 in Geroldshausen, a small village near Wuerzburg in southern Germany, the oldest of three boys. Though Catholic, the family had socialist leanings. Yet while in college Wirths became attracted to Nazism. He joined the SA in 1933 and the SS in 1934 and volunteered serve in the Thuringian State Office for Racial Matters. He initially served as a combat physician in Norway and Russia, but after suffering a mild heart attack he left the front lines to work in a series of concentration camps. He first served in Dachau and Neuengamme before being appointed chief physician at Auschwitz on September 6, 1942 where he oversaw some twenty SS physicians, dentists and medical personnel. Though tasked with eradicating a typhus epidemic, Wirths also participated in selections on the ramp and abetted medical experimentation on Jewish female prisoners from Block 10. However he also protected prisoner inmates working in the camp. In September 1944, Eduard Wirths was promoted to the rank of Sturmbannfuehrer (major). After the evacuation of Auschwitz in advance of its capture by the Red Army, Wirths was transferred to Dora Mittelbau where he served as the chief medical officer until April 1945. Dr. Wirths committed suicide on September 20, 1945 after his capture by the British.
    Record last modified:
    2014-02-12 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1179221

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