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Martin Gottfried Weiss, commandant of the Dachau concentration camp, appears before the court at the Dachau trial.

Photograph | Not Digitized | Photograph Number: 76309

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    Martin Gottfried Weiss, commandant of the Dachau concentration camp, appears before the court at the Dachau trial.
    1945 November 15 - 1945 December 13
    Dachau, [Bavaria] Germany
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Elisabeth and Mary Kvitashvili
    Event History
    The Dachau concentration camp trial opened on November 2, 1945 in Dachau, Germany. Forty individuals who had participated in the operation of the Dachau concentration camp were charged with the murder and mistreatment of foreign nationals imprisoned there. Among those charged were Martin Gottfried Weiss, the camp commandant from 1942-1943; Dr. Klaus Karl Schilling, an SS physician who was brought to Dachau to find a method of immunizing people against malaria; and three former prisoners. The trial lasted from November 15 to December 13, 1945, with seventy witnesses called for the prosecution and fifty witnesses called for the defense. All forty defendants were found guilty, with thirty-six being sentenced to death by hanging (including Weiss and Schilling), one sentenced to hard labor for life, and three sentenced to hard labor for ten years. A few of the sentences were reduced after a review board determined the defendants were involved to a lesser degree than originally believed, but most were upheld. Weiss was executed on May 29, 1946 and Schilling on May 28, 1946, both in Landsberg Prison.

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    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Elisabeth and Mary Kvitashvili

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    Administrative Notes

    Martin Gottfried Weiss served as Commandant of Neuengamme, Dachau and Majdanek concentration camps. An SS Obersturmbannfuehrer he eventually was promoted to Inspector of the Concentration Camps. In March 1945 Weiss returned to Dachau and supervised the camp during the last months of the war. As the American Seventh Army approached the camp, Weiss fled in civilian clothing. However he was captured on May 2, 1945 and tried with war crimes. The principal defendant at the Dachau trial which commenced on November 15, 1945, Weiss was convicted and hanged at Dachau on May 29, 1946.
    Record last modified:
    2017-11-28 00:00:00
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