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Portrait of a Polish Jewish woman.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 23849

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    Portrait of a Polish Jewish woman.
    Portrait of a Polish Jewish woman.

Pictured is the mother of Leon Srebnik [name not known].  She perished in the Warsaw ghetto.


    Portrait of a Polish Jewish woman.

    Pictured is the mother of Leon Srebnik [name not known]. She perished in the Warsaw ghetto.
    1930 - 1939
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Charles Srebnik

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Charles Srebnik

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Charles Srebnik was born October 31, 1934 in Brussels, Belgium to parents Maria (nee Sluszny, b. May 20, 1911 in Siedlec, Poland) and Leon Srebnik (b. June 18, 1910 in Siedlec). Maria had two brothers, Srulik (b. 11/14/1905) and Avrom (b. 5/27/1908). Leon and Maria moved to Brussels in 1931 and 1932 respectively, where Leon had a store which made knitted good such as scarves and sweaters.

    In May 1940 German forces invaded Belgium, and by October the occupying military government began instituting anti-Jewish measures. The Srebnik family went into hiding at a cottage overlooking a lake near Genval. One night, they heard screams coming from the lake. Although Leon suspected that this was a German ruse to flush out Jews in hiding, he investigated and found an inebriated priest drowning. The family took him in overnight, and the next day the grateful priest asked what he might do for them in return. Leon requested false baptism papers for Charles, which would allow him to be placed safely in a Catholic orphanage. These were provided, and throughout the war Charles was hidden in three different orphanages.

    In 1942, deportations began in Belgium. In mid-March 1943, Leon was arrested and taken to the Dossin barracks at the Malines transit camp. He was deported on April 19, 1943 on convoy XX. He managed to escape the train, but was later recaptured and sent back to Malines. He was deported a second time on July 31, 1943 on convoy XXI and arrived at Auschwitz on August 2, 1943. He did not survive.

    While Charles lived in hiding in the orphanages, Maria was working as a maid at the Belgian underground headquarters. In 1944 she persuaded the underground members that a young boy could be useful to them, and they allowed Charles to come live with her. He carried out various tasks for them, such as riding his bike to the train station then reporting back how many German trains has arrived and departed. They were liberated by General Patton’s Third Army in August 1944. Her brothers Srulik and Avram perished during the war. Maria and Charles immigrated to the United States in 1946, but Maria never learned what had happened to Leon. Although she presumed he had died, she continued to search for him, even stocking the cottage near the lake in Genval with food in case he returned. She died in 2004.
    Record last modified:
    2019-12-12 00:00:00
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