The Holocaust in French film : Nuit et brouillard (1955) and Shoah / by Erin Brandon.
During World War II, France gave up its sovereignty and individual identity to a puppet government called the Vichy Regime. Led by Henri-Phillipe Pétain, this government collaborated with the Nazis and carried out German policies. When the war ended, however, the new government led by Charles de Gaulle was ashamed by these memories, and quickly tried to re-establish France's collective identity. To do this, de Gaulle repressed the reality of French collaboration and the troubling role it played in the Holocaust. The result of this suppression was that France faced a crisis in consciousness where society was unable to express its trauma and guilt over the Holocaust. The two documentary films Nuit et brouillard (1955) and Shoah (1986) provided a medium by which to remember the past, allowing the French to reclaim their memory of the Holocaust through the use of searing imagery and testimony.
Record last modified: 2018-04-24 16:01:00
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