Boolean Search Support
Collections Search supports boolean queries including AND, NOT, and OR (which must be uppercase) and parentheses. For example, searching: york NOT ( "new york" OR "memorial books") would bring records that include the term "york" but exclude records containing either "new york" or "memorial books".
- Use quotation marks to search as a phrase.
- Use "+" before a term to make it required. (Otherwise results matching only some of your terms may be included).
- Use "-" before a word or phrase to exclude.
- Use "OR", "AND", and "NOT" to create complex boolean logic. You can use parentheses in your complex expressions.
- Truncation and wildcards are not supported. Word-stemming is done automatically.
Filtering Your Search
Use the facets to filter your search and narrow your results. The facets are located on the home page under the search box, and also to the left of your search results under the "Filter Your Search" heading.
Limiting Search to Specific Fields
Entering terms in the search box will return results where those terms occur anywhere in the record.
To find records where your search terms are found in specific fields, use the "All Fields" dropdown to the right of the search box. Change the selection in this dropdown menu from "All Fields" to Title, Author, Date, Identifiers, or Subjects and Keywords.
Using Advanced Search
Click on "Advanced Search" in the main navigation to access the Advanced Search. Here, you will find additional searching options which may be especially helpful for academic researchers.
Search by Record Type
Near the bottom of the Advanced Search screen, there are a number of additional facets to filter your search. In the Record Type facet, you can limit your search to documents, film, names sources, objects, oral histories, photographs, or publications. Select one or more record type to limit your search results to these record types only. For example, if you were interested in finding only photographs and objects, you could check both "Photograph" and "Object" and then click the Search button to run your Advanced Search.
Searching for Names and Places
To search for a person's name, it is best to use full names, not nicknames.
Collections Search includes a "geographic name expansion" feature. Often the same place is referred through different names in different languages and various spellings and transliterations. For example, searching for "Lviv", "L'viv", "L'vov", "Lvov", "Lwow", or "Lemberg" will all bring you the same results. Similarly, searching for "Łódź", "Lodz", or "Litzmannstadt" will bring the same results, as will searching for "Munich", "München", or "Muenchen."
To find more obscure geographic places, it is best to search within all fields.