A city apart : Sarajevo in the Second World War / Emily Greble Balić.
This dissertation tells the story of Sarajevo during the Second World War. Beginning with a sketch of the city on the eve of war—when Muslims, Catholics, Orthodox Serbs, and Jews lived and worked together—it traces how these communities interacted with one another through various stages of occupation and civil conflict. I examine the city's clash with German occupation and racial ideologies, the Ustasha regime and extreme Croatian nationalism, and civil war and the triumph of the Communists. Central to this story is how Sarajevo's traditional elite—men from each of the communities who dominated the municipal government, the religious clergy, and the intelligentsia—attempted to reconcile their loyalty to their ethno-religious community with their sense of duty to the city. I conclude that members of Sarajevo's elite overwhelmingly reacted to the chaos of the Second World War and the implosion of their society by clinging to a civic consciousness—a Sarajevo identity—rooted in the city's Ottoman and Austrian legacies.While an in-depth study of a single city, this dissertation sheds light on larger issues of identity, social transformation, and the legacies of the Ottoman Empire in Europe. In doing so, it undermines traditional notions concerning endemic ethno-religious conflict and the Balkans; it draws attention to the resilience of some multi-confessional societies in times of crisis; and it challenges assumptions about the widespread appeal of national identities and the nation-state in the twentieth century.
Record last modified: 2018-05-18 16:20:00
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