Perception of maternal PTSD as a risk factor for substance use disorder : evidence from adult children of Holocaust survivors / Audrey Freshman
Includes bibliographical references (p. 157-175)
- External Link
Electronic version from ProQuest
This online study explored the relationship between maternal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and level of substance use (SUD) in a population of 402 adult children of Holocaust survivors (CHS) recruited from online support groups serving the Jewish community. Previous research has demonstrated a relationship between PTSD and SUD comorbidity. The perception of maternal PTSD and levels of alcohol and/or drug use in offspring were examined using the SMAST, DAST, The Parental Posttraumatic Stress Questionnaire (PPQ) and the PTSD Checklist (PCL-C). The results confirmed that offspring with higher levels of their own PTSD also rated their mothers as having higher levels of PTSD. In total, 40.4% of CHS met DSM-IV criteria for current PTSD and 60.4% rated their mothers as having a DSM-IV PTSD diagnosis. Offspring also rated their mothers as having problems with anxiety (81%), depression (70.3%), mood altering-prescription medications (18.5%) and alcohol (2.9%). CHS who rated their mothers as having higher levels of PTSD also had significantly higher levels of their own alcohol and drug use. More than twice as many CHS identified a problem with drugs (13.6%) than alcohol (6.1%). These findings confirm high prevalence rates of PTSD in Holocaust survivors and their offspring. It also suggests that the intergenerational transmission of maternal PTSD is a possible risk factor for SUD in the second-generation of trauma survivors.
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