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Perception of maternal PTSD as a risk factor for substance use disorder : evidence from adult children of Holocaust survivors / Audrey Freshman.

Publication | Digitized | Library Call Number: RC451.4.H62 F74 2009

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    This online study explored the relationship between maternal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and level of substance use (SUD) in a population of 402 adult children of Holocaust survivors (CHS) recruited from online support groups serving the Jewish community. Previous research has demonstrated a relationship between PTSD and SUD comorbidity. The perception of maternal PTSD and levels of alcohol and/or drug use in offspring were examined using the SMAST, DAST, The Parental Posttraumatic Stress Questionnaire (PPQ) and the PTSD Checklist (PCL-C). The results confirmed that offspring with higher levels of their own PTSD also rated their mothers as having higher levels of PTSD. In total, 40.4% of CHS met DSM-IV criteria for current PTSD and 60.4% rated their mothers as having a DSM-IV PTSD diagnosis. Offspring also rated their mothers as having problems with anxiety (81%), depression (70.3%), mood altering-prescription medications (18.5%) and alcohol (2.9%). CHS who rated their mothers as having higher levels of PTSD also had significantly higher levels of their own alcohol and drug use. More than twice as many CHS identified a problem with drugs (13.6%) than alcohol (6.1%). These findings confirm high prevalence rates of PTSD in Holocaust survivors and their offspring. It also suggests that the intergenerational transmission of maternal PTSD is a possible risk factor for SUD in the second-generation of trauma survivors.
    Freshman, Audrey.
    Thesis (Ph. D.)--New York University, School of Social Work, 2009.
    Includes bibliographical references (p. 157-175).
    Photocopy. Ann Arbor, Mich. : UMI Dissertation Services. 22 cm.
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    Electronic version(s) available internally at USHMM.
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    202 p.

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    2018-05-18 16:20:00
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