The geometry of genocide : a study in pure sociology / Bradley Campbell
- Studies in pure sociology
Studies in pure sociology.
- Charlottesville ; London : University of Virginia Press, 
Includes bibliographical references (pages 223-244) and index
This dissertation offers a general theory of genocide. Genocide is defined here as organized and unilateral mass killing on the basis of ethnicity . While many have focused on genocide as a type of deviance, most genocide is also social control—a response to behavior itself defined as deviant. Black's (1998) theories of social control explain the handling of conflicts with their social geometry—their location and direction in social space. Blackian theories can be extended to yield the following theory of genocide: Genocide varies directly with immobility, social distance, and inequality; and it is greater in a downward direction (toward socially inferior ethnic groups) than in an upward or lateral direction. Extending Black's (1998) theory of the third party and Senechal de la Roche's (2001) theory of collective violence further yields the following subsidiary propositions: (1) Genocide is a joint function of strong partisanship toward the aggressors and weak partisanship toward the targets. Thus, (2) genocide is greater as third parties are socially close and inferior to the aggressors and socially remote and superior to the targets , and (3) genocide is greater where third parties are solidary among themselves. This theory explains a wide range of facts concerning genocide, including the occurrence of and variation in ethnic mass killings in five local cases: the Round Valley of northern California during the years 1856 to 1859; Kovno, Lithuania from 1941 to 1944; Nyakizu, Rwanda during the months of April to July of 1994; Prijedor, Bosnia-Herzegovina from April to October of 1992; and Ahmedabad, India from March to April of 2002.
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