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Barbed-wire imperialism : Britain's empire of camps, 1876-1903 / Aidan Forth.

Publication | Not Digitized | Library Call Number: JV1027 .F65 2017

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    Book cover

    Overview

    Summary
    "Some of the world's first refugee camps and concentration camps appeared in the British Empire in the late 19th century. Famine camps detained emaciated refugees and billeted relief applicants on public works projects; plague camps segregated populations suspected of harboring disease and accommodated those evacuated from unsanitary locales; concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer War, meanwhile, adapted a technology of colonial welfare in the context of war. Wartime camps in South Africa were simultaneously instruments of military violence and humanitarian care. While providing food and shelter to destitute refugees and disciplining and reforming a population cast as uncivilized and unhygienic, British officials in South Africa applied a developing set of imperial attitudes and approaches that also governed the development of plague and famine camps in India. More than the outcomes of military counterinsurgency, Boer War camps were registers of cultural discourses about civilization, class, gender, racial purity and sanitary pollution. Although British spokesmen regarded camps as hygienic enclaves, epidemic diseases decimated inmate populations creating a damaging political scandal. In order to curb mortality and introduce order, the British government mobilized a wide variety of disciplinary and sanitary lessons assembled at Indian plague and famine camps and at other kindred institutions like metropolitan workhouses. Authorities imported officials from India with experience managing plague and famine camps to systematize and rationalize South Africa's wartime concentration camps. Ultimately, improvements to inmates' health and well-being served to legitimize camps as technologies of liberal empire and biopolitical security"--Provided by publisher.
    Series
    Berkeley series in British studies ; 12
    Berkeley series in British studies ; 12.
    Format
    Book
    Author/Creator
    Forth, Aidan, author.
    Published
    Oakland, California : University of California Press, [2017]
    ©2017
    Locale
    Africa
    Great Britain
    India
    United Kingdom
    South Africa
    Contents
    Introduction : Britain's empire of camps
    Concentrating the "dangerous classes" : the cultural and material foundations of British camps
    "Barbed wire deterrents" : detention and relief at Indian famine campus, 1876-1901
    "A source of horror and dread" : plague camps in Indian and South Africa, 1896-1901
    Concentrated humanity : the management and anatomy of colonial campus, c. 1900
    Camps in a time of war : civilian concentration in southern Africa, 1900-1901
    "Only matched in times of famine and plague" : life and death in the concentration camps
    "A system steadily perfected" : camp reform and the "new geniuses from India", 1901-1903
    Epilogue : Camps go global : lessons, legacies, and forgotten solidarities.
    Notes
    Includes bibliographical references and index.
    Introduction : Britain's empire of camps -- Concentrating the "dangerous classes" : the cultural and material foundations of British camps -- "Barbed wire deterrents" : detention and relief at Indian famine campus, 1876-1901 -- "A source of horror and dread" : plague camps in Indian and South Africa, 1896-1901 -- Concentrated humanity : the management and anatomy of colonial campus, c. 1900 -- Camps in a time of war : civilian concentration in southern Africa, 1900-1901 -- "Only matched in times of famine and plague" : life and death in the concentration camps -- "A system steadily perfected" : camp reform and the "new geniuses from India", 1901-1903 -- Epilogue : Camps go global : lessons, legacies, and forgotten solidarities.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    ISBN
    9780520293960
    0520293967
    9780520293977
    0520293975
    Physical Description
    xiii, 352 pages : charts, illustrations, maps ; 23 cm.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Record last modified:
    2018-03-26 09:46:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/bib262511

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