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Anti-semitism and rural transformation in Kurhessen : the rise and fall of the Bockel Movement / David Peal.

Publication | Digitized | Library Call Number: DS146.G4 P43 1985

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    The dissertation is a social history of the anti-Semitic "Bockel movement" (1887-1894) in Kurhessen. The dissertation's central problem consists of two aspects: the role of cooperatives within the movement, as organization and as means of combatting Jewish "usurers" by non-political means; the role of the non-anti-Semitic Raiffeisen cooperatives in carrying on the movement "by other means" after Otto Bockel's political failure in 1894. These themes are seen in the light of the long-term integration of Kurhessen into Germany in the nineteenth century. This process transformed rural society in Kurhessen and left a lasting impact on political anti-Semitism in Germany. The dissertation places the Bockel movement in the context of the overall development of anti-Semitic politics in 19th-century Kurhessen. During the first phase of political anti-Semitism, in the 1840s and 1850s, Kurhessen was still a sovereign state. Early anti-Semites were opposed primarily to Jewish emancipation, since emancipated "usurers" seemed to threaten a still backward rural society. The Bockel movement broke out after Kurhessen's annexa- tion by Prussia in 1866, in the midst of the agricultural depression of the 1880s. Now opposition to Jewish emancipation was linked to a larger rejection of the liberal economic order imposed on Kurhessen after 1866. Only after the mid-1890s was Kurhessen integrated into the polity and society of imperial Germany, a process hastened by the spread of Raiffeisen credit cooperatives. Local anti-Semitic politics after Bockel was sponsored by those groups that opposed fundamental political change in Germany.
    Peal, David.
    [Place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1985
    Hesse-Nassau (Germany)
    Thesis (Ph. D.)--Columbia University, 1985.
    Includes bibliographical references (pages 516-563).
    Photocopy. Ann Arbor, Mich. : UMI Dissertation Services, 1997. 22 cm.
    Dissertations and Theses

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    Electronic version(s) available internally at USHMM.
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    1 volume (various pagings) : maps, tables

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    Record last modified:
    2024-06-21 16:46:00
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