880-04 Article in: Topola časopis JU Spomen-područja Donja Gradina (god. IV, br. 4, 2018).
Nehemiah Schönfein, a Kosovska Mitrovica doctor between the two world wars, represented a genuine example of humanity implied by this calling. He invested his whole self into the development and offering medical assistance to the population of the wider cityscape, where he came and settled, only for the reason of providing health assistance to the endangered people. This Russian Jew, that inhabited neutral Switzerland during the First World War, met members of one Serbian delegation that introduced him to the general circumstances in the war-torn country. Interested in giving a personal contribution to remedying health circumstances in the forgotten and remote European areas, Schönfein offered his services to his interlocutors and after the termination of the Great War, he came to Kosovo and Metohija. Taking a short stand in Priština, he settled permanently in Kosovska Mitrovica, where he performed his medical practice in a private office, but also in the service of the state. With his protestant wife and two daughters, he lived in the city located on the Ibar river up until the Nazi occupation and their "final solution to the Jewish question." Besides his main occupation, due to which he was well-known in the wider geographical area, he was also remembered for his distance far behind death, Dr Schönfein was one of the rare industrialists in the city. One of the rare Ashkenazim in the city shared the destiny of the remaining local Jewish population of Sephardic origin. Without any exceptions, the Nazis deprived of liberty and deported via rails to Staro Sajmište all those who were captured, where they were executed in a macabre manner alongside most of the other prisoners. This is how the life of Dr Nehemiah Schönfein had tragically ended, a man who selflessly sacrificed himself to save people without any exclusivity with regard to their religious, economic, national, or other differences. The wife and children managed to survive the war, thanks to the intervention of the Swiss diplomatic core who issued them documents proving their Aryan descent. This paper shall attempt to reconstruct the rich biography of this famous, reputable, and respected Kosovska Mitrovica citizen, whose intensity and diversity of civic activism left unforgettable traces in the lives of his fellow citizens.--(English abstract)
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Serbian, with English abstract.
Article in: Топола часопис ЈУ Спомен-подручја Доња Градина (год. IV, бр. 4, 2018).