Eyewitness to genocide : Henry Morgenthau and the Armenian genocide in Ottoman Turkey, 1915 / Hilary Camille Earl.
This thesis concerns the experiences of Henry Morgenthau (1856-1945) as United States Ambassador to Constantinople during the Armenian genocide in 1915. It is based on the materials and correspondence in the Personal Papers of Henry Morgenthau at the United States Archives in Washington and on Morgenthau's own writings of the period. Morgenthau was a German-Jewish immigrant to the United States who, after amassing a personal fortune in early life, was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson to be American Ambassador to Constantinople. He arrived in Turkey in time to witness the major events of the Armenian genocide. As the diplomatic representative of a large and neutral nation in this period of the First World War, Morgenthau was a figure of stature in the Turkish capital and had close acquaintance with the rulers of this Islamic nation. Using the definition of "genocide" developed in the United Nations convention on genocide in 1950 the thesis argues that the events of 1915 can be perceived as a genocidal occurrence. It concludes, however, that Morgenthau, through an escalation of language and description, misrepresented as "race extermination" what appears in reality to be an act of mass murder along nationalist, ethnic, and religious lines. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
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