The Blue Shirts Society : fascism and development nationalism / by Maria Hsia Chang.
The subject of this dissertation is a secret organization within the ruling party of China during the 1930's--the Kuomintang. This secret organization has usually been referred to as the Blue Shirts Society (Lan-i she), although the name that the members gave themselves was the Chinese Renaissance Society (Chung-hau fu-hsing she). This dissertation is an effort to determine and establish the nature of the ideology of the Blue Shirts Society, and by so doing, the nature and identity of the movement. The dominant interpretation in the literature, best represented by the works of Lloyd Eastman, is that the Blue Shirts constituted a "fascist" organization. Eastman has claimed that the Blue Shirts, led by Chiang Kai-shek, were prepared to abandon the traditional ideology of the Kuomintang--Sun Yatsen's Three Principles of the People--in order to espouse an imported ideology of fascism. This dissertation is a critique of this interpretation. Reasons are given for rejecting the Eastman approach. In the course of this critique, an alternate interpretation is offered for understanding the phenomenon of the Renaissance Society. It is proposed that the Renaissance Society should more appropriately be characterized as a developmental nationalist movement, concerned with the survival and renascence of China. Rather than being fascist in character, the ideology of the Renaissance Society constituted a well-articulated and systematic program for the economic and political development of China. As such, the Renaissance Society was one of a whole class of similar developmental nationalisms which had given the twentieth century its unique character.
Record last modified: 2018-05-22 11:46:00
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