Victor Emmanuel III : the fusion of monarchy with fascism : dyarchy or deception? / by Laetitia Argenteri.
I had originally intended to focus only on the Italian Nationalist Association (A.N.I.), specifically on the monarchist wing and its merger with fascism in 1922. Further research led me to narrow the topic to a single figure: King Victor Emmanuel III, who was blamed for having allowed Mussolini to install a right wing dictatorship while using a leftist phraseology. Although blame is not easily placed, a question still remains: is a so-called dyarchy possible in a monarchical system? In examining Italy's socio-political situation at the beginning of the century, several factors need to be taken into consideration: the problem of the Great War, the D'Annunzio affair, the origins and development of Italian nationalism and Giolitti's political death and resurrection. Many books and articles that deal specifically with Victor Emmanuel III lack an important perspective. Like many other biographies of royal characters, they tend to be sensational and poorly researched, and they often overemphasize the private life of the monarch while not providing any cultural understanding of the time. My research took place mainly in Europe, in Switzerland--where the last heir of the House of Savoy still lives in exile--and in Italy, where, thanks to the Partito Monarchico Italiano and the Ministro della Real Casa dei Savoia, I was able to find invaluable material, especially diaries of monarchist members. Interviews and oral histories form an important part of my dissertation.
Record last modified: 2018-05-29 16:28:00
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