Extraordinary crimes in Ukraine : an examination of evidence collection by the Extraordinary State Commission of the U.S.S.R., 1942-1946 / Marian R. Sanders
Includes bibliographical references (p. 318-348)
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This dissertation examines the activity of the Soviet Union's Extraordinary State Commission for the Establishment and Investigation of the Crimes of the German-Fascist Invaders in Ukraine between 1942 and 1946. It evaluates the Commission in terms of its mission, operation, results, and use of its collected evidence for domestic propaganda purposes and at the International Military Tribunal. The research for this dissertation contained two distinct parts. The account of negotiations leading to the establishment of the International Military Tribunal relied on the Robert B. Jackson Papers housed in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress. The centerpiece of the study was the Selected Records of the Extraordinary State Commission located at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives. These documents, including NKVD/NKGB interrogations, correspondence between local police officials and Moscow, and general reports describing the progress of the secret police work, as well as captured German military records pertaining to the occupation, covered the occupied parts of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine, and the Baltic States. The documentary evidence defined, at least in part, the Extraordinary State Commission's investigative process after the Red Army's sweep into the occupied areas, closely followed by the NKVD. The study reveals the Commission's work on two levels--public pronouncements for domestic and international consumption and its search for collaborators on Soviet soil. The Commission's efforts were an extension of Commissar for Foreign Affairs V. M. Molotov's notes decrying German atrocities against the Soviet civilian population and prisoners-of-war. The Commission's work demonstrates that the Soviets had collected a large body of evidence describing German aggression against the Jewish population in Ukraine, evidence suppressed within the Soviet union. Many of the Commission's resources were channeled into identifying and locating collaborators based on the interrogations conducted by the NKVD and other police organs. The Commission is another facet of Stalinism, as the Soviets continued to search for "enemies of the people" during and after the Second World War.
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