Geschichte und Schicksal der Juden in Heilbronn : vom Mittelalter bis zur Zeit der nationalsozialistischen Verfolgengen (1050-1945) / Hans Franke.
Regarding antisemitism, states that during the Middle Ages the Jews of Heilbronn were victims of the arbitrary policies of their patrons, who restricted the Jews' rights at will. During the medieval and early modern periods the Jews suffered from pogroms, marginalization, economic restrictions, accusations of murder, and expulsions. Their situation improved with the emancipation acts of 1828. Jews came to live in Heilbronn and developed a vibrant community. The first signs of a new wave of antisemitism appeared in 1880 with a petition delivered to the City Council requesting limitation of Jewish influence in the town. After World War I the Jews were held responsible for the German defeat. Jewish migrations provoked aggressive reactions. As in the rest of Germany, the Jews of Heilbronn were accused of dominating finance, of Bolshevism, and of being unproductive. They were attacked on the street and their stores were boycotted. In 1938, the Polish Jews of the city were expelled from Germany, and the synagogues were burned down in the "Kristallnacht" pogrom. In 1941, the deportation to the camps began. Of the 855 Jews living in Heilbronn in 1933, 600 managed to emigrate; the rest were deported and most of them perished. Presents personal accounts, letters, and official documents about the boycott and deportations, the anti-Jewish legislation from 1935 onward, anti-Jewish press items, and lists of residents who were victims of persecution or who emigrated. (From the Bibliography of the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism).
- Veröffentlichungen des Archivs der Stadt Heilbronn ; Heft 11
Veröffentlichungen des Archivs der Stadt Heilbronn ; Heft 11.
- Heilbronn : Stadt Heilbronn, Stadtarchiv, 1963
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