Kraft und Schönheit : regeneration and racial theory in the German physical culture movement, 1895-1920 / by Christopher Derek Kenway.
This dissertation focuses on the revival of the body in Germany in the first two decades of the twentieth century. It examines the problem of degeneration and the means suggested to combat it. The Regeneration-Korperkultur movements disseminated an ideology of health and fitness, informed largely by eugenic ideas. In this way these movements represented an attempt to implement the ideas of the racial hygiene movement in the lives of the educated middle-class. They promoted qualities such as strength, beauty, courage, military fitness, health, anti-materialism, and a purified sexual aesthetic. The second level of emphasis falls upon the racial ideas underlying the movements and the attitudes displayed towards the Jews of Germany at varying stages in the first two decades of the century. Sources employed are the movements' journals, popular medical varying stages in the first two decades of the century. Sources employed are the movements' journals, popular medical literature, gymnastics journals, and professional educational journals.
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