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The Museum’s Collections document the fate of Holocaust victims, survivors, rescuers, liberators, and others through artifacts, documents, photos, films, books, personal stories, and more. Search below to view digital records and find material that you can access at our library and at the Shapell Center.
PART I. POLAND AS A PLACE OF REFUGE FOR JEWS Polish Princes' offer of protection from persectution Opponents of the Jews Economic success Social structure and self-administration of the Jews Learning and culture Jews as intermediaries between town and country Golden age for the Jews in Poland? PART II. EAST EUROPEAN JEWRY AS A 'CULTURAL PATTERN OF LIFE' IN EASTERN EUROPE Catastrophe of 1648 Consequences of the catastrophe Kabbala Messiah in Poland: Shabtai Tsevi and Jacob Frank Popular piety of Hasidism Origins of the Ostjuden 'Shtetl' Contacts between Jews and non-Jews: Jewish peddlers and innkeepers Symbiosis diminishes Jews in the partitions of Poland Reaction of the Jews to the new political, intellectual, and religious conditions Tsarist empire and the Jews East European Jews outside Tsarist rule PART III. THE CRISIS OF THE JEWS IN EASTERN EUROPE A NEW IDENTITY Transformation of the traditional intermediary function 'Expulsion' and 'restructuring' Luftmenshn Transformation of the occupational structure and new intermediary activities Competition to oust rivals from the market and anti-Semitism Haskala: the Jewish enlightenment Assimilation and acculturation 'Necktied' and 'kaftaned' Jews By way of an example: Jews in Warsaw and Łódź Jewish family Men and women in Jewish society Jewish upbringing Everyday religious customs Synagogue and community organizations Increasing conflicts with the non-Jewish world Socialism, Zionism, new Jewish identity Immigration as an attempt to find a new homeland Center of East European Jewry: Galicia and Bukovina Positive model with contradictions: Hungary Different attitudes to the emancipation of the Jews in Romania, Serbia, and Bulgaria 'Ritual murder': the case of Bohemia and Moravia PART IV. ATTEMPTED ANNIHILATION AND NEW HOPE Jews in the Russian Revolution and in the Soviet Union East European Jewish nationality and new waves of anti-Semitism: the Jews in Poland between the two world wars Precarious situation in individual East European countries Attempted extermination of the Jews Jews in postwar Poland: new suffering and new hope AFTERWORD: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MEMORY
9639241377 9639241261 (pbk.)
Includes bibliographical references (p. -270) and index.
Learn about over 1,000 camps and ghettos in Volume I and II of this encyclopedia, which are available as a free PDF download. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes.