Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Shopkeepers and peddlers into Soviet farmers : Jewish agricultural colonization in Crimea and Southern Ukraine, 1924-1941 / by Jonathan L. Dekel-Chen.

Publication | Digitized | Library Call Number: DS135.R93 U32 2001

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Overview

    Summary
    This dissertation explores Jewish agricultural settlement to southern Ukraine and Crimea between 1423 and 1941. It uses archives, primary sources, and oral history from the former Soviet Union and elsewhere to interpret the triadic interaction between the Soviet regime, the Jewish settlers, and foreign philanthropies—particularly the Joint Distribution Committee [JDC]—during a volatile period in Soviet history, all at a time when the United States and Russia had no diplomatic relations. Jewish colonization is interwoven into the general conditions under NEP, the “Great Turn,” and the purges. The impact of colonization on Diaspora Jewry also receives attention. Relations between tens of thousands of Jewish colonists and the indigenous population of Crimea, all subject to increasingly intrusive Soviet authority, form another important theme. The adaptation by religious Jewish shopkeepers, peddlers, and tradesmen from the Pale of Settlement to new, cooperative, agricultural colonies in the Crimea constitute the final subject. Colonization affected the region and beyond. It changed how the Soviet Union viewed the “Jewish question” and embodied a transition anticipated in both Moscow and New York—from peddlers and shopkeepers to “productive” citizens. Colonization not only changed Crimea's demographic balance, but also catalyzed events that deeply influenced relations between Simferopol and Moscow. Even if Russian colonization exacerbated the key issues confronting interwar American Jewry, it ultimately strengthened both the JDC and its Zionist opponents. The near absence of state authority in Crimea in the 1920s also allowed for unique types of religious observance, youth culture, gender relations, and foreshadowed wider rural phenomena after 1929. Jewish colonization reflected important features of the Soviet state. First, the Stalinist regime did not—however much it may have wanted—exercise “totalitarian” control over daily life before 1941. On the contrary, the colonies—aided by JDC—retained relative administrative autonomy, religious piety, and economic vitality through introduction of cooperative agricultural practices. Furthermore, unlike Soviet attempts to colonize Birobidzhan, pragmatism characterized policy decisions in Crimea. Soviet behavior toward colonization therefore reflected expedience; if it could not control the periphery, then the Kremlin instrumentalized and publicized colonization to compensate for weak political authority.
    Format
    Book
    Author/Creator
    Dekel-Chen, Jonathan L.
    Published
    2001
    Locale
    Ukraine
    Crimea
    Soviet Union
    Notes
    "UMI:3036413."
    Thesis (Ph. D.)--Brandeis University, 2001.
    Includes bibliographical references (p. 413-432).
    Photocopy. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms, 2003. 21 cm.
    Dissertations and Theses

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Additional Form
    Electronic version(s) available internally at USHMM.
    Physical Description
    xvi, 432 p.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Record last modified:
    2018-04-24 16:01:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/bib81775

    Additional Resources

    Librarian View

    Download & Licensing

    • Terms of Use
    • This record is digitized but cannot be downloaded online.

    In-Person Research

    Availability

    Contact Us